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See also:
U+C0AC, 사
HANGUL SYLLABLE SA
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:t-k

[U+C0AB]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C0AD]
U+3214, ㈔
PARENTHESIZED HANGUL SIOS A

[U+3213]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3215]
U+3274, ㉴
CIRCLED HANGUL SIOS A

[U+3273]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3275]




삐 ←→ 새

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Korean numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3 4 5  → 
    Native: (net), (ne), (neok), (neo)
    Sino-Korean: (sa)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 넷째 (netjjae)
    Number of days: 나흘 (naheul)

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading ᄉᆞ (Yale: so), from Middle Chinese (MC siɪH).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰa̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sa
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sa
McCune–Reischauer?sa
Yale Romanization?

Numeral[edit]

(sa) (hanja )

  1. (Sino-Korean numeral) four
    Synonyms: (ne, four, determiner native numeral), (net, four, nominal native numeral)
Usage notes[edit]

This numeral is sometimes considered unlucky because 사(四) (sa) is homophonous with 사(死) (sa), the hanja for "death". This is common throughout East Asia.

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세요 (hanaman deo juseyo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ireun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: sya). See the hanja entry at for the etymology concerning the term as an affix.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sa
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sa
McCune–Reischauer?sa
Yale Romanization?sa

Noun[edit]

(sa) (hanja )

  1. (formal) company
    나왔다.Geuneun sareul nawatda.He left the company.
    Synonym: 회사(會社) (hoesa)

Suffix[edit]

—사 (-sa) (hanja )

  1. Short for 회사(會社) (hoesa, company).
    신문 (新聞)sinmunsanewspaper agency
    출판 (出版)chulpansapublishing company
    제약 (製藥)jeyaksapharmaceutical company

Affix[edit]

(sa) (hanja )

  1. company
  2. society; social
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading ᄉᆞ〯 (Yale: ), from Middle Chinese (MC sˠiɪX).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰa̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sa
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sa
McCune–Reischauer?sa
Yale Romanization?

Noun[edit]

(sa) (hanja )

  1. (literary) death
    문제saenggwa saui munjeThe question of life and death

Affix[edit]

(sa) (hanja )

  1. death
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading ᄉᆞ〯 (Yale: ), from Middle Chinese (MC ʃɨX).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰa̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sa
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sa
McCune–Reischauer?sa
Yale Romanization?

Noun[edit]

(sa) (hanja )

  1. (formal) history
    Synonym: 역사(歷史) (yeoksa)

Suffix[edit]

—사 (-sa) (hanja )

  1. history
    세계 (世界)segyesaWorld history
    한국 (韓國)han-guksaKorean history
    고대 (古代)godaesaancient history

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sa
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sa
McCune–Reischauer?sa
Yale Romanization?sa

Noun[edit]

(sa)

  1. sol (musical note)

Etymology 6[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(sa)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC siɪH))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MCX, zɨX, jɨH))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒɨX))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒɨX))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨX))
  7. 使:
    (MC reading: 使 (MC ʃɨX, ʃɨH))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiaX, ɕiaH))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiaH, ʑiaH))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziaH))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiɪ))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC sˠiɪX))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC siɪ))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨ, sɨH))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃɨH, d͡ʒɨH))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʑia))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiaX))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC jia, zia))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇH))
  23. :
    (MC reading: (MC jia, zia))
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃˠaH))
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiaX))
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠa, ʃˠaH))
  27. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  28. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒˠɛ, d͡ʒˠa))
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC siaX))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  31. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇ))
  32. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  33. :
    (MC reading: (MC siɪH))
  34. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠa))
  35. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC mek̚))
  36. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠa))
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɑ, sɑX))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇX))
  39. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕia))
  40. :
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  41. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiaH))
  42. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒˠaH))
  43. :
    (MC reading: (MC sia, sɑH))
  44. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨ, sɨH))
  45. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʒɨX))
  46. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨH))
  47. :
    (MC reading: (MC suɑ))
  48. :
    (MC reading: (MC siɪH))
  49. :
    (MC reading: (MC suɑ))
  50. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃˠa))
  51. :
    (MC reading: (MC siaX, siaH))
  52. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiɪ))
  53. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  54. :
    (MC reading: (MC siɪH))
  55. :
    (MC reading: (MC suɑ))
  56. :
    (MC reading: (MC suɑ))
  57. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠa))
  58. :
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  59. :
    (MC reading: (MC siɪH))
  60. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʑiaH))
  61. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiɪ))
  62. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡sʰɑ, sɑ))
  63. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃɨH))
  64. :
    (MC reading: (MC siaH))
  65. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃˠaH))
  66. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  67. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒˠa))
  68. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziaH))
  69. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  70. :
    (MC reading: )
  71. :
    (MC reading: )
  72. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʒɨX))
  73. :
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  74. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡sʰɨʌH, d͡ʒˠaH))
  75. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨ, sɨH))
  76. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨX, ʃɨH))
  77. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠa))
  78. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠa))
  79. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiɪ))
  80. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʒɨX))
  81. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇ))
  82. :
    (MC reading: )
  83. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃɨH))
  84. :
    (MC reading: )
  85. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠuaX, ʃˠuaH))
  86. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇH))
  87. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiaH))
  88. :
    (MC reading: (MC siɪ))
  89. :
    (MC reading: )
  90. :
    (MC reading: )
  91. :
    (MC reading: )
  92. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠaH))
  93. :
    (MC reading: )
  94. :
    (MC reading: )
  95. :
    (MC reading: )
  96. :
    (MC reading: )
  97. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiᴇX, ʃˠiᴇH))
  98. :
    (MC reading: )
  99. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒɨX))
  100. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  101. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  102. :
    (MC reading: )
  103. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɳˠa))
  104. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  105. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃˠa))
  106. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  107. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  108. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇ))
  109. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒˠa, d͡ʒˠaX))
  110. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃˠa))
  111. :
    (MC reading: )
  112. :
    (MC reading: )
  113. :
    (MC reading: (MC jɨ, zɨX))
  114. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiaH))
  115. :
    (MC reading: )
  116. :
    (MC reading: )
  117. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziaX))
  118. :
    (MC reading: )
  119. :
    (MC reading: )
  120. :
    (MC reading: )
  121. :
    (MC reading: )
  122. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  123. :
    (MC reading: (MC jɨʌ))
  124. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃˠa))
  125. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡zɑk̚))
  126. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠa, t͡sʰɑX))
  127. :
    (MC reading: )
  128. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇ))
  129. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  130. :
    (MC reading: )
  131. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiᴇ, ʃˠiᴇX))
  132. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiᴇX))
  133. :
    (MC reading: )
  134. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  135. :
    (MC reading: (MC jia))
  136. :
    (MC reading: (MC siɪH))
  137. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC suɑ))
  138. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  139. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiɪ))
  140. :
    (MC reading: )
  141. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  142. :
    (MC reading: (MC siɪH))
  143. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇ))
  144. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇ))
  145. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiɪ))
  146. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇ))
  147. :
    (MC reading: (MC zia))
  148. :
    (MC reading: )
  149. :
    (MC reading: )
  150. :
    (MC reading: )
  151. :
    (MC reading: )
  152. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiᴇX, ʃˠɛX))
  153. :
    (MC reading: )
  154. :
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  155. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑia))
  156. :
    (MC reading: )
  157. :
    (MC reading: (MC))
  158. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑia))
  159. : feed
    (eumhun reading: 먹이 (meogi sa))
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  160. :
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  161. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiaX, ɕiaH))
  162. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡sʌp̚))
  163. :
    (MC reading: )
  164. :
    (MC reading: )
  165. :
    (MC reading: )
  166. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇ))
  167. :
    (MC reading: )
  168. :
    (MC reading: )
  169. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  170. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  171. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  172. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  173. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  174. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )

References[edit]

  • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 21. [1]
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]