있다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Korean 잇다 (ista), from Old Korean 有叱 (*Is-). Related to the past tense marker (-eot).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [it̚t͈a̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?itda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?issda
McCune–Reischauer?itta
Yale Romanization?iss.ta

Verb[edit]

있다 (itda) (infinitive 있어, sequential 있으니)

  1. to be (in a place); to exist
    뉴욕 미국 있다.
    Nyuyogeun miguge itda.
    New York is in the United States.
    물속 물고기 있다.
    Mulsoge mulgogiga itda.
    There are fish in the water.
    Antonym: 없다 (eopda)
  2. to have
    그녀 남자친구 있다.
    Geunyeoneun namjachin-guga itda.
    She has a boyfriend.
    있고 있어요.
    Jeoneun jipdo itgo chado isseoyo.
    I have a house and a car.
    Antonym: 없다 (eopda)
  3. (auxiliary, after the / (-eo/a) infinitive) to be (in a state)
    죽어 있다jugeo itdato be dead
    모여 있다moyeo itdato be gathered together
  4. (auxiliary, after the (-go) connective) to be in the process of
    죽고 있다jukgo itdato be dying
    모이고 있다moigo itdato be gathering together

Derived terms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]

  • 이다 (ida, “to equal (copula)”)
  • 아니다 (anida, “not to equal (negative copula)”)