있다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

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Particularly: “Any relation to 잇다 (itda)?”

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[it̚t͈a̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? itda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? issda
McCune–Reischauer? itta
Yale Romanization? issqta

Verb[edit]

있다 (itda) (infinitive 있어, sequential 있으니)

  1. to be (in a place); to exist
    뉴욕은 미국에 있다.
    Nyuyok-eun miguk-e itda.
    New York is in the United States.
    물속에 물고기가 있다.
    Mulsok-e mulgogi-ga itda.
    There are fish in the water.
  2. To be (in a state)
    있다seo itdato be standing
    울고 있다
    ulgo itda
    to be crying
    모여 있다
    moyeo itda
    to be gathered
  3. To have
    그녀는 남자 친구가 있다.
    Geunyeo-neun namja chin-gu-ga itda.
    She has a boyfriend.

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • 없다 (eopda, “to lack, to be absent”)

See also[edit]

  • 이다 (ida, “to equal (copula)”)
  • 아니다 (anida, “not to equal (negative copula)”)