|유 ←||→ 의|
을 • (-eul)
- particle indicating the direct object of a verb
- Like other Korean particles, 을 (eul) is a postposition. It marks the preceding noun as the direct object of the following verb.
- 을 (-eul) only comes after a word ending in a consonant. If the modified word ends in a vowel, 를 (-reul) is used instead:
- 책 + 을 => 책을
- chaek + eul => chaeg-eul
- 사과 + 를 => 사과를
- sagwa + reul => sagwa-reul
- 을 (-eul) is optional if it can be inferred that the noun is the direct object (as opposed to the subject).
If the noun is the main topic of the sentence and it can be inferred that the noun is the direct object (as opposed to the subject), 은 (-eun) may be used instead, though in many cases 은 (-eun) might be interpreted as a contrast.
—을 • (--eul)
- alternative form of ㄹ (-l), used after consonants
- An ending of a word that makes the preceding statement function as an adnominal phrase.
- 이 버섯들은 먹을 수 있다.
- I beoseotdeureun meogeul su itda.
- These mushrooms are edible.
- that will; who will (An ending of a word that makes the preceding statement function as an adnominal phrase and indicates assumption, prearrangement, intention, possibility, etc.)