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U+C744, 을
HANGUL SYLLABLE EUL
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:d-m-f

[U+C743]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C745]

Jeju[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (reul) (rare, formal, after a vowel)

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(eul)

  1. indicates the direct object of a verb
    시리레 ᄀᆞ를 담으라.
    sirire goareu-l dam-eura
    Put the flour into the steamer.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (eul) is used after a word ending with a consonant. If the preceding word ends in a vowel, (l) is used instead.

See also[edit]

  • (subject marker) (i)
  • (topic marker) (eun)

Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɯɭ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Revised Romanization? eul
Revised Romanization (translit.)? eul
McCune–Reischauer? ŭl
Yale Romanization? ul

Etymology 1[edit]





유 ←→ 의

Syllable[edit]

(eul)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Korean ᄋᆞᆯ (-ol), from Old Korean (*-(u)r).

The (-reul) allomorph that appears after a vowel is believed to have been formed by reduplication of the particle.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (after vowels) - (-lul)
  • (colloquial, after vowels) - (-l)

Particle[edit]

(-eul)

  1. particle indicating the direct object of a verb
Usage notes[edit]
  • Like other Korean particles, (eul) is a postposition. It marks the preceding noun as the direct object of the following verb.
  • (-eul) only comes after a word ending in a consonant. If the modified word ends in a vowel, (-reul) or (colloquially) (-l) is used instead:
    + → 걔네들을
    gyaenedeul + eul → gyaenedeureul
    they + (-eul) → them
    + → 걔를
    gyae + reul → gyaereul
    he + (-reul) → him
    + → 걜
    he + (-l) → him (colloquial, restricted to pronouns and certain common nouns)
  • (-eul) is optional if it can be inferred that the noun is the direct object (as opposed to the subject).
  • If the noun is the main topic of the sentence and it can be inferred that the noun is the direct object (as opposed to the subject), (-eun) may be used instead, though in many cases (-eun) might be interpreted as a contrast.
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Suffix[edit]

—을 (-eul)

  1. Alternative form of —ㄹ (-l) required after consonants

Etymology 4[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(eul)

  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔˠiɪt̚))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠiɪt̚, ŋɨt̚))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔˠiɪt̚))