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U+4E59, 乙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E59

[U+4E58]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E5A]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
乙-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 5 +0, 1 stroke, cangjie input 弓山 (NU), four-corner 17710)

  1. Kangxi radical #5, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 83, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 161
  • Dae Jaweon: page 167, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 47, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E59

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
乙-oracle.svg 乙-bronze.svg 乙-silk.svg 乙-bigseal.svg 乙-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qreːd
*sqriːd
*sqriːd
*ʔsriːd
*ʔsriːd
*qriːd
*qriːd
*qriːd, *qʷriːd
*qʷriːd
*qriːd, *qrid
*ŋrid, *teb
*qriɡ
*qrɯɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (49)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjit̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔjĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔit ›
Old
Chinese
/*qrət/
English 2nd heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14921
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qriɡ/
Notes ɡd

Definitions[edit]

  1. The second of the ten heavenly stems (天干 (tiāngān))
  2. second, 2, B, II, beta (used for unnamed people or object, to enumarate headings in a list, for grade)
    路人路人  ―  lùrén jiǎ hé lùrén   ―  passerby A and passerby B
    法語成績 [MSC, trad.]
    法语成绩 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā fǎyǔ chéngjī dé le . [Pinyin]
    He got a B in French.
      ―  gān  ―  hepatitis B
  3. (chemistry) eth-; ethyl
      ―  wán  ―  ethane
  4. the seventh scale degree in Gongche musical notation (工尺譜工尺谱 (gōngchěpǔ))
  5. (literary, formal) one
    公文)……  ―  (gōngwén)...... Jiā fèn.  ―  (In official letters) …added one copy.
  6. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おつ
Grade: S
on’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana おつ, rōmaji otsu)

  1. strange
  2. interestingly strange, spicy
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おつ
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (ʔit)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おつ, rōmaji otsu)

  1. the second
  2. the latter

Proper noun[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

(hiragana おつ, rōmaji Otsu)

  1. the second of the ten Heavenly Stems

Interjection[edit]

(hiragana おつ, rōmaji otsu)

  1. (Internet slang) Clipping of お疲れ様です (otsukaresama desu).

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
きのと
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(Ki, Wood, one of the Five Elements) +‎ (no, attributive marker) +‎ (oto, younger brother)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana きのと, rōmaji Kinoto)

  1. the second of the ten Heavenly Stems

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eul)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: eul, McCune-Reischauer: ŭl)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: sae, McCune-Reischauer: sae)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ất, át, ắc, ắt, hắt, ặc, lớt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]