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See also: and
U+5DF1, 己
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF1

[U+5DF0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DF2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes
Stroke order
己-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 49, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 尸山 (SU), four-corner 17717, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #49, .

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 326, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 630, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 983, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5DF1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
己部 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Radical 49 (English)
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia has articles on:
己姓 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Ji (surname 己) (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
己-oracle.svg 己-bronze.svg 己-silk.svg 己-seal.svg 己-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*klɯːʔ
*ɡrɯʔ
*kɯʔ
*kɯʔ
*kɯʔ
*kɯs
*kʰɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ, *ɡɯs
*kʰɯʔ
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs

Pictogram (象形) – silk rope for binding objects. Original form of (OC *kɯʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: kī - vernacular, kí - literary.
Note: gi7 - used in 家己.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨX/
Li
Rong
/kiəX/
Wang
Li
/kĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kiX › ‹ kiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)əʔ/ /*k(r)əʔ/
English 6th heavenly stem self

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5765
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. self; oneself
  2. personal; private
  3. the sixth of the ten heavenly stems
  4. A surname​.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. itself, oneself

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Used in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE) as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨i⟩, ⟨ko2, and ⟨go2.

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MCX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji Ki)

  1. the sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems
    Hypernym: 十干 (Jikkan)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
つちのと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Originally a compound of (tsuchi, earth, one of the Chinese five elements) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (oto, younger brother).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana つちのと, rōmaji Tsuchinoto)

  1. the sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems
    Hypernym: 十干 (Jikkan)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
おのれ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

From (ono, reflexive or first-person pronoun, see below) +‎ (re, thing, demonstrative nominalizer ending).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana おのれ, rōmaji onore)

  1. reflexive pronoun: oneself
  2. first-person pronoun: I, me
  3. second-person pronoun: you (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    Synonyms: お前 (omae), 貴様 (kisama)
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(hiragana おのれ, rōmaji onore)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Synonyms: 自然に (shizen ni), 独りでに (hitori de ni)

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana おのれ, rōmaji onore)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
おの
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana おの, rōmaji ono)

  1. reflexive pronoun: oneself
  2. first-person pronoun: I, me
    Synonyms: (watakushi), (ware)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
おれ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana おれ, rōmaji ore)

  1. Alternative spelling of (ore): first-person pronoun: I, me
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
おら
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana おら, rōmaji ora)

  1. first-person pronoun: I, me

Etymology 7[edit]

Kanji in this term
うぬ
Grade: 6
Irregular

Sound shift from ono (see above).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • Pronunciation for pronoun senses unknown.

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana うぬ, rōmaji unu)

  1. second-person pronoun: you
  2. reflexive pronoun: oneself
    Synonym: 自分自身 (jibun-jishin)
Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

(hiragana うぬ, rōmaji unu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 8[edit]

Kanji in this term
うら
Grade: 6
Irregular
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana うら, rōmaji ura)

  1. first-person pronoun: I, me

Etymology 9[edit]

Kanji in this term
おどれ
Grade: 6
Irregular

Sound shift from onore (see above).[1]

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana おどれ, rōmaji odore)

  1. second-person pronoun: you
    Synonyms: (unu), 貴様 (kisama)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune–Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kỷ, kỉ, anh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.