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See also: and
U+5DF1, 己
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF1

[U+5DF0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DF2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes
Stroke order
己-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 49, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 尸山 (SU), four-corner 17717, composition𠃍)

  1. Kangxi radical #49, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №518

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for :

Wikisource


  • KangXi: page 326, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 630, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 983, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5DF1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
己-oracle.svg 己-bronze.svg 己-silk.svg 己-seal.svg 己-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – silk rope for binding objects. Original form of (OC *kɯʔ).

Etymology[edit]

Unknown (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: kī - vernacular, kí - literary.
Note: gi7 - used in 家己.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨX/
Li
Rong
/kiəX/
Wang
Li
/kĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kiX › ‹ kiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)əʔ/ /*k(r)əʔ/
English 6th heavenly stem self

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5765
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. self; oneself
  2. personal; private
  3. the sixth of the ten heavenly stems
  4. A surname​.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. itself, oneself

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Used in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE) as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨i⟩, ⟨ko2, and ⟨go2.

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MCX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

() (Ki

  1. the sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems
    Hypernym: 十干 (Jikkan)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
つちのと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Originally a compound of (tsuchi, earth, one of the Chinese five elements) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (oto, younger brother).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(つちのと) (Tsuchinoto

  1. the sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems
    Hypernym: 十干 (Jikkan)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
おのれ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

From (ono, reflexive or first-person pronoun, see below) +‎ (re, thing, demonstrative nominalizer ending).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(おのれ) (onore

  1. reflexive pronoun: oneself
  2. first-person pronoun: I, me
  3. second-person pronoun: you (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    Synonyms: お前 (omae), 貴様 (kisama)
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(おのれ) (onore

  1. by oneself
    Synonyms: 自然に (shizen ni), 独りでに (hitori de ni)

Interjection[edit]

(おのれ) (onore

  1. An interjection expressing anger or chagrin

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
おの
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun[edit]

(おの) (ono

  1. reflexive pronoun: oneself
  2. first-person pronoun: I, me
    Synonyms: (watakushi), (ware)
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
おれ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(おれ) (ore

  1. Alternative spelling of (ore): first-person pronoun: I, me
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
おら
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun[edit]

(おら) (ora

  1. first-person pronoun: I, me

Etymology 7[edit]

Kanji in this term
うぬ
Grade: 6
Irregular

Sound shift from ono (see above).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • Pronunciation for pronoun senses unknown.

Pronoun[edit]

(うぬ) (unu

  1. second-person pronoun: you
  2. reflexive pronoun: oneself
    Synonym: 自分自身 (jibun-jishin)
Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

(うぬ) (unu

  1. (vulgar) you!; you blockhead!

Etymology 8[edit]

Kanji in this term
うら
Grade: 6
Irregular

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun[edit]

(うら) (ura

  1. first-person pronoun: I, me

Etymology 9[edit]

Kanji in this term
おどれ
Grade: 6
Irregular

Sound shift from onore (see above).[1]

Pronoun[edit]

(おどれ) (odore

  1. second-person pronoun: you
    Synonyms: (unu), 貴様 (kisama)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 자기 (jagi gi))

  1. Hanja form? of (self).

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kỷ, kỉ, anh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.