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U+5983, 妃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5983

[U+5982]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5984]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女尸山 (VSU), four-corner 47417, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*brɯlʔ
*pʰɯːls, *pʰɯl

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (woman) +  (a kneeling man).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (2) (2)
Final () (21) (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰʉi/ /pʰuʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰʷɨi/ /pʰuoiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiuəi/ /pʰuɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰuj/ /pʰwəjH/
Li
Rong
/pʰiuəi/ /pʰuᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭwəi/ /pʰuɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰwe̯i/ /pʰuɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēi pèi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ phjɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰ[ə][j]/
English consort; match

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3061 3062
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰɯːls/ /*pʰɯl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. spouse; couple
  2. (historical) imperial concubine
  3. (historical) wife of a prince

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. queen
  2. princess
Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きさき, rōmaji kisaki, alternative reading きさい, rōmaji kisai)

  1. A ruler's wife; queen; empress.
    • 1632: Diego Collado, Dictionarium sive thesauri linguae Iaponicae compendium, p. 112
      Regina, æ . reina . qisàqi .

Etymology 2[edit]

御- mi- (honorific prefix) + me "woman"

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みめ, rōmaji mime)

  1. A noble's wife.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Chinese (pʰʉi)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji hi)

  1. a queen consort or princess consort
     ()
    o-hi
    the queen
     (せい) (けん) (いだ) (おう) ()ギネヴィア
    Seiken o Idaku Ōhi Ginevia
    Guinevere, the Queen Who Bears the Holy Sword
     ()殿 (でん) ()
    Hidenka
    Her Highness the Princess
     (ふみ) (ひと) (しん) (のう) () () ()
    Fumihito Shinnōhi Kiko
    Kiko, Princess Fumihito
    (literally, “Kiko, Consort of Prince Fumihito”)
    ウェールズ (こう) ()ダイアナ
    Wēruzu Kōhi Daiana
    Diana, Princess of Wales
    (literally, “Diana, Consort of the Prince of Wales”)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi, bae) (hangeul , , revised bi, b, McCune–Reischauer pi, p)

  1. wife, spouse
  2. imperial concubine

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.