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See also: and
U+5DF3, 巳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF3

[U+5DF2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DF4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
巳-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 49 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 口山 (RU), four-corner 77717)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 326, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8744
  • Dae Jaweon: page 631, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 984, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5DF3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
巳-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljɯʔ, *lɯs
*ljɯʔ
*ljɯʔ
*zrɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ
*qʰlɯ
*qʰlɯ, *lɯ
*lɯ
*lɯ, *lɯs
*lɯ

Different theories:

  • Pictogram (象形) of a snake
  • Pictogram (象形) of a fetus

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: chī - vernacular, sū - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (17)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/zɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/zieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zɨX/
Li
Rong
/ziəX/
Wang
Li
/zĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ziX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ziX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-[ɢ]əʔ/
English 6th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12007
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sixth of twelve earthly branches (十二支)
  2. snake () of Chinese zodiac
Coordinate terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. sign of the snake

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Short for (hemi, snake)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji Mi)

  1. the Snake, the sixth of the twelve Earthly Branches

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (ziX)

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji Shi)

  1. the Snake, the sixth of the twelve Earthly Branches

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. the hours from 9 to 11
  2. 6th terrestrial branch

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tị)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.