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U+5DF4, 巴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF4

[U+5DF3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DF5]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 49 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日山 (AU), four-corner 77717, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 327, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8745
  • Dae Jaweon: page 631, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 985, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5DF4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
巴-oracle.svg 巴-bronze.svg 巴-bigseal.svg 巴-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*praː
*praː
*praː, *braːʔ
*praː
*praː, *pʰraː
*praː, *pʰraː
*praː, *pʰraː
*praː
*praːʔ
*praːs, *baʔ
*praːs
*praːs
*pʰraː
*pʰraː
*pʰraː
*pʰraːs
*braː
*braː
*braː, *braːs, *braːs
*braːʔ, *braːs
*braːs

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pa⁵⁵/
Harbin /pa⁴⁴/
/pa²⁴/ ~彥
Tianjin /pɑ²¹/
Jinan /pa²¹³/
Qingdao /pa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /pa²⁴/
Xi'an /pa²¹/
Xining /pa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pa³¹/
Ürümqi /pa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /pa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pa⁵⁵/
Kunming /pa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pɑ³¹/
Hefei /pa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /pa¹¹/
Pingyao /pɑ¹³/
Hohhot /pa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /po⁵³/
/pa⁵³/
Suzhou /po⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pɑ³³/
Wenzhou /po³³/
Hui Shexian /pa³¹/
Tunxi /puːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pa³³/
Xiangtan /pɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /pɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /pa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pa⁵³/
Nanning /pa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pa⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pa³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔba²³/ ~掌
/ʔba³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/pa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨ/
Li
Rong
/pa/
Wang
Li
/pa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹  › ‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤra/ /*pˤra/
English snake [place name]

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 97
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*praː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical geography) Ba, an ancient state in Sichuan
  2. greatly desire, anxiously hope
  3. used as a suffix to describe a neighborhood within a particular province when speaking about someone
  4. used to describe a song, not as a classic, but as vintage-popular
  5. a phonetic component used in transliterations
  6. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ともえ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi
(tomoe): a comma design

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ともえ, romaji tomoe, alternative reading ともゑ, romaji tomowe)

  1. tomoe (comma design)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pa) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ba, , va)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.