- 1 English
- 2 French
- Palæstine (archaic)
From Latin Palaestīna (“Roman province of Palestine”), from Ancient Greek Παλαιστίνη (Palaistínē, “Philistia and the surrounding region”), from Hebrew פְּלֶשֶׁת (p'léshet, “Philistia, land of the Philistines”), from the root פ־ל־ש (p-l-š, “migrate, invade”). The term P-l-s-t or P-r-s-t, found in five Ancient Egyptian inscriptions (beginning with one at Medinet Habu from circa 1170 BCE and ending with Padiiset's Statue inscription from circa 900-850 BCE) as the name of a people near Egypt, is traditionally taken to be cognate. Seven Assyrian inscriptions contain the word "Palas(h)tu" or "Pilistu", which is usually also taken to be cognate.
- (geography) The region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.
- The West Bank and Gaza Strip, taken collectively, especially if considered to be (the site of) the State of Palestine.
- (historical) Any of four Ancient Roman and Byzantine provinces in the eastern Mediterranean: Syria Palaestina, Palaestina Prima, Palaestina Secunda and Palaestina Salutaris.
- (historical, technical) A British colonial entity administering approximately the lands of modern State of Israel plus the West Bank and Gaza Strip; the lands administered by this entity.
- (historical, technical, rare) The British League of Nations Mandate for Palestine, of which this region was a part (the remainder being Transjordan, which covered approximately the lands of the modern Kingdom (originally Emirate) of Jordan).
- (region): The use of Palestine to refer to the region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea has been, since the 20th century, sometimes seen as politically or emotionally charged; indeed, this is true of all terms for this region.
- (the region): Canaan, the Holy Land, Israel, the Land of Israel
- (Roman or Byzantine province): Palaestina
- (country): State of Palestine, Filastin
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- Palestine sunbird
- Palestinian Sign Language
- “Palestine”, in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2017.
- ^ “Palestine”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged: Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–.
- ^ Martin Sicker, Reshaping Palestine (1999, ISBN 0275966399), page ix: The name Palestine has its origin in the Hebrew Peleshet, first mentioned in the Bible (Exodus 15:14) in reference to the land of the Pelishtim, or Philistines, one group of the Sea Peoples that invaded the region during the early biblical period.
- ^ “H6428”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979 (link)
- ^ Geoffrey W. Bromiley, The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, volume 4 (1995, ISBN 0802837840), page 43
- ^ Ann E. Killebrew, The Philistines and Other “Sea Peoples” in Text and Archaeology (2013)
- ^ Gösta W. Ahlström, The History of Ancient Palestine from the Palaeolithic Period to Alexander's Conquest
- ^ The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant: c. 8000-332 BCE (2014, ISBN 0191662550), The first Assyrian reference to 'palashtu' or 'Philistia' appears in Adad-nirari III's inscriptions where, in the Stone Slab, he claims to have subdued Amurru in its entirety, defining it as, 'Tyre, Siden, Humri (Israel), Edom, Palashtu, as far as the great sea of the setting sun', and imposed tax and tribute upon them (Grayson 1996: 212–13).
- Palæstine (obsolete)
Palestine f (uncountable)