- A historic region of the Middle East, roughly equivalent to Palestine.
- A grandson of Noah.
- And Canaan begat Sidon his first born, and Heth, and the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite, and the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, and the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.
- (rare) A male given name of biblical origin.
- The name of multiple places in North America named after the historic region, including:
grandson of Noah