Arkansas

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See also: Arkansas'

English[edit]

Map of US highlighting Arkansas
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (river): Arkansa (archaic)
  • Arkansaw (obsolete, the spelling used when the territory was organized in 1819)

Etymology[edit]

From the name of the Arkansas River, from French Arcansas, a (plural) designation of either a Siouan tribe or the Quapaw.[1] This designation is sometimes claimed to derive from a Quapaw word *akakaze (land of downriver people) or a Lakota/Dakota word *akakaze (people of the south wind); more likely, it derives from a Siouan ethnonym cognate to Kansa (whence also the name of the state of Kansas).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɑɹ.kən.sɔ/
    • (file)
  • (US, now nonstandard in reference to the state) IPA(key): /ɑɹˈkæn.zəs/ (see usage notes)

Proper noun[edit]

Arkansas

  1. A state of the United States. Postal code: AR, capital: Little Rock.
  2. A river in the United States, tributary to the Mississippi.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The pronunciation of the name of the state of Arkansas with a silent final s was made official by an act of the state legislature in 1881, after a dispute arose between the state's two US senators, one of whom favored /ˈɑɹkənsɔː/ and the other of whom favored /ɑɹˈkænzəs/.[2] /ɑɹˈkænzəs/ is still common, especially in Kansas, as a pronunciation of the name of the river.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 William Bright, Native American Placenames of the United States →ISBN, page 47 (citing personal communication with Robert Rankin)
  2. ^ In 1881, the Arkansas General Assembly passed the following concurrent resolution, now Arkansas Code 1 April 105: "Whereas, confusion of practice has arisen in the pronunciation of the name of our state and it is deemed important that the true pronunciation should be determined for use in oral official proceedings.
    And, whereas, the matter has been thoroughly investigated by the State Historical Society and the Eclectic Society of Little Rock, which have agreed upon the correct pronunciation as derived from history, and the early usage of the American immigrants.
    Be it therefore resolved by both houses of the General Assembly, that the only true pronunciation of the name of the state, in the opinion of this body, is that received by the French from the native Indians and committed to writing in the French word representing the sound. It should be pronounced in three (3) syllables, with the final "s" silent, the "a" in each syllable with the Italian sound, and the accent on the first and last syllables. The pronunciation with the accent on the second syllable with the sound of "a" in "man" and the sounding of the terminal "s" is discouraged by Arkansans."

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English Arkansas.

Proper noun[edit]

Arkansas (genitive Arkansas')

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English Arkansas.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑrkɑnsɑs/, [ˈɑrkɑns̠ɑs̠] (declension: risti)
  • IPA(key): /ˈɑrkɑnsoː/, [ˈɑrkɑns̠o̞ː] (declension: maa)
  • Syllabification: Ar‧kan‧sas

Proper noun[edit]

Arkansas

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Declension[edit]

  • Depends on the pronunciation, see above.
Inflection of Arkansas (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Arkansas
genitive Arkansasin
partitive Arkansasia
illative Arkansasiin
singular plural
nominative Arkansas
accusative nom. Arkansas
gen. Arkansasin
genitive Arkansasin
partitive Arkansasia
inessive Arkansasissa
elative Arkansasista
illative Arkansasiin
adessive Arkansasilla
ablative Arkansasilta
allative Arkansasille
essive Arkansasina
translative Arkansasiksi
instructive
abessive Arkansasitta
comitative
Possessive forms of Arkansas (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person Arkansasini Arkansasimme
2nd person Arkansasisi Arkansasinne
3rd person Arkansasinsa

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aʁˈkanzas/ (Germanicised; slightly dated in educated speech)
  • IPA(key): /ˈaʁkənˌsɔː/ (approaching English; educated)
  • IPA(key): /aʁˈkɛnzəs/, /əˈkɛnzəs/ (approaching the dated or merely a supposed English pronunciation; proscribed)

Noun[edit]

Arkansas n (genitive Arkansas')

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From English Arkansas.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Arkansas m

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈar.kan.zas/, /arˈkan.zas/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Arkansas m (indeclinable)

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Proper noun[edit]

Arkansas f or m (indeclinable)

  1. Arkansas (river)

Further reading[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Arkansas m

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Romanian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Arkansas n

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /arˈkansas/, [arˈkãnsas]

Proper noun[edit]

Arkansas m

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]