Israel

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Ísrael, Israël, and İsrael

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: ĭzʹrāəl, ĭzʹrēəl; IPA(key): /ˈɪzreɪəl/, /ˈɪzriəl/.
    (In singing also) enPR: ĭzʹrīĕl; IPA(key): /ˈɪzraɪɛl/
  • (file)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English Israel, from Old English, borrowed from Latin Israel, from Ancient Greek Ἰσραήλ ‎(Israḗl), from Hebrew יִשְׂרָאֵל ‎(yisra'él, Israel)[1][2]. In the Bible, it is said to be from the name יִשְׂרֶה אֵל ‎(yisré 'él) given to Jacob in Genesis 32:29, after which his descendants came to be known as Israelites and their land as the "kingdom/land of Israel". The personal name, already attested in Eblaite and Ugaritic texts,[3] has been variously translated as "he wrestles with God", "he prevails with God",[4] or "God rules" (possibly from the same root ש־ר־ה/ש־ר־ר as שָׂרָה ‎(Sarah)).[5]

Line 27 of the Merneptah Stele (from about 1200 BCE) is thought to contain the earliest attestation of the name Israel in any language, Egyptian ysrj3r (although alternative readings have been proposed, such as Jezreel):

i i z
Z1s Z1s
r
i A r
Z1 T14
A1 B1
Z2

Proper noun[edit]

Israel

  1. The State of Israel, a modern country in the Middle East, at the eastern shore of the Mediterranean.
  2. The Land of Israel, a region that is roughly coextensive with the State of Israel.
  3. (historical) A nation that occupied roughly the same area in ancient times.
  4. (historical) An ancient kingdom that occupied the northern part of this area, as distinct from Judah.
  5. The Jews, taken collectively.
  6. A male given name, notably borne by Jacob (after Genesis 32:28).

Usage notes[edit]

  • (region): The use of Israel to refer to the region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea has been, since the 20th century, sometimes seen as politically or emotionally charged; indeed, this is true of all terms for this region.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (State of Israel): the Jewish State, the State of Israel
  • (Land of Israel): Canaan, the Holy Land, the Land of Israel, the Levant, Palestine
  • (ancient kingdom): Ephraim
  • (the Jews): the Children of Israel

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Israel” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
  2. ^ Israel” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online
  3. ^ Michael G. Hasel, Domination and Resistance: Egyptian Military Activity in the Southern Levant (Brill, 1998)
  4. ^ James P. Boyd, Bible dictionary (Ottenheimer Publishers, 1958)
  5. ^ Victor P. Hamilton, The Book of Genesis: Chapters 18–50 (NICOT, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995)

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ast

Proper noun[edit]

Israel ?

  1. Israel (the state)

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ca

Proper noun[edit]

Israel m

  1. Israel
  2. A male given name

Related terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fi

Proper noun[edit]

Israel

  1. Israel

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Israel (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Israel
genitive Israelin
partitive Israelia
illative Israeliin
singular plural
nominative Israel
accusative nom.? Israel
gen. Israelin
genitive Israelin
partitive Israelia
inessive Israelissa
elative Israelista
illative Israeliin
adessive Israelilla
ablative Israelilta
allative Israelille
essive Israelina
translative Israeliksi
instructive
abessive Israelitta
comitative

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel n ‎(genitive Israels)

  1. Israel

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel n

  1. Israel

Derived terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel m

  1. Israel (historical region in the southern part of the Levant)
  2. Israel (a modern country in the Middle East)
  3. A male given name

Romanian[edit]

Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ro

Etymology[edit]

Hebrew ישראל

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel n

  1. Israel

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Proper noun[edit]

Israel m

  1. Israel
  2. Jacob

Quotations[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sv

Proper noun[edit]

Israel n

  1. Israel