Israel

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English[edit]

Flag of the State of Israel
Location map of the State of Israel, with disputed territories shown in light green

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English Israel, from Old English, borrowed from Latin Israel, from Ancient Greek Ἰσραήλ (Israḗl), from Hebrew יִשְׂרָאֵל(yisra'él, Israel).[1][2] In the Bible, it is said to be from the name יִשְׂרֶה אֵל(yisré 'él) given to Jacob in Genesis 32:29, after which his descendants came to be known as Israelites and their land as the "kingdom/land of Israel". The personal name, already attested in Eblaite 𒅖𒊏𒅋 (iš-ra-il) and Ugaritic 𐎊𐎌𐎗𐎛𐎍 (yšrỉl),[3] has been variously translated as "he wrestles with God", "he prevails with God",[4] or "God rules" (possibly from the same root ש־ר־ה‎/ש־ר־ר‎ as שָׂרָה(Sarah)).[5]

Line 27 of the Merneptah Stele (from about 1200 BCE) is thought to contain the earliest attestation of the name Israel in any language, Egyptian ysrjꜣr (although alternative readings have been proposed, such as Jezreel):

iiz
Z1s Z1s
r
iAr
Z1 T14
A1 B1
Z2

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: ĭzʹrāəl, ĭzʹrēəl; IPA(key): /ˈɪzɹeɪəl/, /ˈɪzɹi.əl/.
    (In singing also) enPR: ĭzʹrīĕl; IPA(key): /ˈɪzɹaɪɛl/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Israel (plural Israels)

  1. The State of Israel, a modern country in the Middle East, at the eastern shore of the Mediterranean.
  2. The Land of Israel, a region that is roughly coextensive with the State of Israel.
  3. (historical) An ancient kingdom that occupied roughly the same area in ancient times.
  4. (historical) An ancient kingdom that occupied the northern part of this area, as distinct from Judah.
  5. The Jews, taken collectively.
  6. A male given name from Hebrew, notably borne by Jacob (after Genesis 32:28).
  7. A surname​.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (region): The use of Israel to refer to the region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea has been, since the latter half of the 20th century, sometimes seen as politically or emotionally charged; indeed, this is true of all terms for this region.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Israel” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  2. ^ Israel” in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
  3. ^ Michael G. Hasel, Domination and Resistance: Egyptian Military Activity in the Southern Levant (Brill, 1998)
  4. ^ James P. Boyd, Bible dictionary (Ottenheimer Publishers, 1958)
  5. ^ Victor P. Hamilton, The Book of Genesis: Chapters 18–50 (NICOT, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995)

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Proper noun[edit]

Israel ?

  1. Israel (the state)

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel m

  1. Israel
  2. A male given name, equivalent to English Israel

Related terms[edit]


Central Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel

  1. Israel.

Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈisrɑel/, [ˈis̠rɑe̞l]
  • Rhymes: -isrɑel
  • Syllabification: Is‧ra‧el

Proper noun[edit]

Israel

  1. Israel

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Israel (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Israel
genitive Israelin
partitive Israelia
illative Israeliin
singular plural
nominative Israel
accusative nom. Israel
gen. Israelin
genitive Israelin
partitive Israelia
inessive Israelissa
elative Israelista
illative Israeliin
adessive Israelilla
ablative Israelilta
allative Israelille
essive Israelina
translative Israeliksi
instructive
abessive Israelitta
comitative
Possessive forms of Israel (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person Israelini Israelimme
2nd person Israelisi Israelinne
3rd person Israelinsa

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel n (genitive Israels)

  1. Israel
  2. Israel, another name of the patriarch Jacob
    • (Can we date this quote?) Lutherbibel 1912, 1.Mose 32, 29 (Luther Bible 1912, Genesis 32:29):
      Er sprach: Du sollst nicht mehr Jakob heißen, sondern Israel; denn du hast mit Gott und mit Menschen gekämpft und bist obgelegen.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel

  1. (all senses) Israel

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Isrāēl m sg (variously declined, genitive Isrāēl or Isrāēlis); indeclinable, third declension

  1. Israel, another name of the patriarch Jacob
    • (Can we date this quote?), Nova Vulgata, Genesis 32, 29:
      At ille: “ Nequaquam, inquit, Iacob amplius appellabitur nomen tuum, sed Israel: quoniam certasti cum Deo et cum hominibus et praevaluisti! ”.
  2. (New Latin) Israel, a country in the Middle East

Declension[edit]

Indeclinable noun or third-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Isrāēl
Genitive Isrāēl
Isrāēlis
Dative Isrāēl
Isrāēlī
Accusative Isrāēl
Isrāēlem
Ablative Isrāēl
Isrāēle
Vocative Isrāēl

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Proper noun[edit]

Israel

  1. Israel

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Proper noun[edit]

Israel

  1. Israel

Derived terms[edit]

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Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin Israel, from Ancient Greek Ἰσραήλ (Israḗl), from Hebrew יִשְׂרָאֵל(yisra'él, Israel). Displaced Old Portuguese Irrael.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel m

  1. Israel (a historical region in the southern Levant)
  2. Israel (a country in the Middle East, Asia)
  3. A male given name, equivalent to English Israel

Usage notes[edit]

Israel is never indicated by an article; see usage notes for Portugal.

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ro

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Hebrew ישראל‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel n

  1. Israel

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /isɾaˈel/, [izɾaˈel]

Proper noun[edit]

Israel m

  1. Israel
  2. Jacob
  3. A male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Israel

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Proper noun[edit]

Israel n (genitive Israels)

  1. Israel

Related terms[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish Israel (Israel).

Proper noun[edit]

Israél

  1. Israel