Russia

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Rùssia and Rússia

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

1530s, from Medieval Latin Russi (the people of Russia), from Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ, Rus) (whence Arabic رُوس(rūs) and Byzantine Greek Ῥῶς (Rhôs)), which originally referred to a group of Varangians who established themselves near Kiev in the 9th century and ruled Kievan Rus; perhaps from Finnish Ruotsi (Sweden), from Old Swedish *roþs- (related to rowing); related to Old Norse Roþrslandi (the land of rowing), an older name of Roslagen, where the Finns first encountered the Swedes. Ultimately from Old Norse róðr (steering oar), from Proto-Germanic *rōþrą (rudder), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reh₁- (to row).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈɹʌʃə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Rus‧sia
  • Rhymes: -ʌʃə

Proper noun[edit]

Russia (countable and uncountable, plural Russias)

  1. A country in Eastern Europe and North Asia, bordering on the Pacific and Arctic Oceans and the Baltic, Black, and Caspian Seas; established as an independent country in 1991 upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it is the largest country in the world. Co-official name: Russian Federation, formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) (among other names) from 1917 to 1991. Capital and largest city: Moscow.
  2. (historical, loosely) The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a very common name, although more formally Russia, the RSFSR, was one of several constituent republics of the USSR).
  3. (historical) The Russian Empire; the tsarist empire in Russia lasting from 1721 to 1917.
  4. (historical, dated) Kievan Rus; the medieval East Slavic state centered in Kiev.
  5. (dated, countable) Any of several East Slavic states descended from Kievan Rus, typically including Russia (Great Russia), Belarus (White Russia) and Ukraine (Little Russia).
    • 1842, George Eliot, Selections from George Eliot's letters, Letter to Cara Bray, page 24:
      Or rather if I be attaining a better autocratship than that of the Emperor of all the Russias — the empire over self.
    • 1914, Russia and the Russian People:
      Then there is White Russia and Red Russia, Great Russia and Little Russia, Russia of the Frozen North and Russia of the Far East — a Russia equally dangerous to every one of her neighbours []

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

Russia (countable and uncountable, plural Russias)

  1. Short for Russia leather.
    • 1914, Shoe and Leather Journal (volume 27, page 36)
      Dull Russias will prove a good selling line for women according to the predictions of certain manufacturers.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Russia

  1. Russia

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

1538, from Medieval Latin Russī (Russians). Ultimately from Byzantine Greek Ρωσία (Rōsía).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrus.sja/
  • Rhymes: -ussja
  • Hyphenation: Rùs‧sia

Proper noun[edit]

Russia f

  1. Russia (a country in Europe and Asia)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sixteenth-century Latinisation of the Russian Русь (Rusʹ, Rus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Russia f sg (genitive Russiae); first declension

  1. (New Latin) Russia (a country in Europe and Asia)

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Russia
Genitive Russiae
Dative Russiae
Accusative Russiam
Ablative Russiā
Vocative Russia

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]