- 1 English
- 2 Interlingua
- 3 Italian
- 4 Latin
- 5 Romanian
- (historical) Any of several geographical regions of different historical periods that were mainly inhabited by Germanic peoples.
From Germānī + -ia. Germani was an exonym applied by the Romans to a tribe (or nearby tribes) living around and east of the Rhine; it was first attested in the 1st century b.c. works of Julius Caesar and is of uncertain etymology. It was said by Strabo to derive from germānus (“close kin; genuine”), making it cognate with "germane" and "german", but this seems unsupported. Attempts to derive it from Germanic or Celtic roots are all problematic.
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ɡerˈmaː.ni.a/, [ɡɛrˈmaː.ni.a]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /d͡ʒerˈma.ni.a/, [d͡ʒerˈmaː.ni.a]
Audio (Classical) (file)
- Germany in its various senses, including:
- (Classical Latin) the lands of the Germani, tribes living around the Rhine River in the 1st century b.c.
- (Medieval Latin) the lands of the Germans, sometimes inclusive of conquered areas in France, England, and Eastern Europe
- (New Latin) Germany, various Central European nation-states including the Holy Roman Empire, the German Empire, and the Federal Republic of Germany
- English: Germany
- Irish: Gearmáin
- Italian: Germania
- Romanian: Germania
- Russian: Герма́ния (Germánija)
- ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. "German, adj. and n". Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2012.