Rhine

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See also: rhine

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English Rine, Ryne, from Old English Rīn (the Rhine), from Middle High German, ultimately Proto-Germanic *Rīnaz, from Gaulish Rēnos, from a Pre-Celtic or Proto-Celtic *Reinos; one of a class of river names built from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reyh₂- (to move, flow, run).[1] Cognate with Old High German Rīn ("the Rhine"; > German Rhein), Old Norse Rín (the Rhine), Dutch Rijn (the Rhine).

Related also to Latin rivus "river"), in Celtic with an -n- suffix as in Old Irish rīan (sea) (more at run).

The spelling with Rh- is due to the influence of Ancient Greek Ῥῆνος (Rhênos) (via French Rhin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

the Rhine

  1. A river that flows through Switzerland, Austria, Liechtenstein, Germany, France and the Netherlands.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 326 etymon 3. er- : or- : r- 'to move, set in motion' (laryngealistic reconstruction as "*h₁reiH").

Anagrams[edit]