Germanus

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See also: germanus and ģermāņus

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First used by Caesar and Tacitus to describe tribes as distinct from the Gauls and originally from the east of the Rhine. Of uncertain origin; several conjectures have been put forward, such as that it derives from a Celtic/Gaulish word[1] meaning "neighbor" (compare Old Irish gair (neighbor))[2] or "noisy" (compare Old Irish garim (shout; loud cry)),[2] or is related to Old High German gēr (spear);[2] it may have originally been the name of a particular tribe.[2] It is not to be confused with word germānus (of brothers or sisters), which derives from germen (sprout, bud) and is thought to be unrelated.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Germānus m (genitive Germānī); second declension

  1. a person from a Germanic people

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative Germānus Germānī
genitive Germānī Germānōrum
dative Germānō Germānīs
accusative Germānum Germānōs
ablative Germānō Germānīs
vocative Germāne Germānī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Merriam-Webster New Book of Word Histories (1991, →ISBN), page 194
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Ernest Weekley, An Etymological Dictionary of Modern English, volume 1 (A-K) (2013, →ISBN), page 634: "Prob. orig. name of particular tribe. [...] Etymologies proposed for the name (e.g. Olr. gair, neighhour, gairm, war-cry, OHG. ger, spear) are pure conjectures."