Germanus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: germanus and ģermāņus

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First used by Caesar and Tacitus to describe tribes as distinct from the Gauls and originally from the east of the Rhine. Of uncertain origin; several conjectures now deemed improbable have been put forward, such as that it derives from a Celtic/Gaulish word[1] meaning "neighbor" (compare Irish gair (neighbor, literally nearby))[2] or "noisy" (compare Irish gair (shout; loud cry)),[2] or is related to Old High German gēr (spear);[2] it may have originally been the name of a particular tribe.[2] It is not to be confused with word germānus (of brothers or sisters), which derives from germen (sprout, bud) and is thought to be unrelated.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Germānus m (genitive Germānī, feminine Germāna); second declension

  1. a Germanic person; member of a Germanic tribe

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Nominative Germānus Germāna Germānī Germānae
Genitive Germānī Germānae Germānōrum Germānārum
Dative Germānō Germānīs Germānīs
Accusative Germānum Germānam Germānōs Germānās
Ablative Germānō Germānā Germānīs Germānīs
Vocative Germāne Germāna Germānī Germānae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: Germaan
  • English: German
  • Greek: Γερμανός (Germanós)
  • Italian: germano

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Merriam-Webster New Book of Word Histories (1991, →ISBN), page 194
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Ernest Weekley, An Etymological Dictionary of Modern English, volume 1 (A-K) (2013, →ISBN), page 634: "Prob. orig. name of particular tribe. [...] Etymologies proposed for the name (e.g. Olr. gair, neighhour, gairm, war-cry, OHG. ger, spear) are pure conjectures."