gair

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See also: gáir

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish gairid, from Proto-Celtic *garyo- (compare Middle Welsh gardu(groan), geir(word)), from *ǵh₂r-, zero grade of Proto-Indo-European *ǵeh₂r-(to shout, call). Cognate with Ancient Greek γῆρυς(gêrus, voice, speech), Khotanese [script needed](ysār-, to sing), Latin garriō(chatter), Old English ċearu(sorrow).

Verb[edit]

gair (present analytic gaireann, future analytic gairfidh, verbal noun gairm, past participle gairthe)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) call
    1. (literary) invoke
    2. acclaim
Conjugation[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  1. aisghair(abrogate; repeal, transitive verb)
  2. gair ar(call upon, summon, invoke)
  3. gair de(name, proclaim, inaugurate)

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected forms of gar(near; nearness).

Adjective[edit]

gair

  1. vocative masculine singular of gar
  2. genitive masculine singular of gar
  3. (archaic) dative feminine singular of gar

Noun[edit]

gair m

  1. genitive singular of gar

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gair ghair ngair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "gair" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 3 gairid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare to English gore (third sense).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gair (plural gairs)

  1. (archaic) A strip of grass on a hillside, especially bright green and fertile grass.

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh geir, from Proto-Brythonic *gėr, from Proto-Celtic *garyo-(word, speech), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵh₂r-, zero grade of *ǵeh₂r-.

Cognate with Ancient Greek γῆρυς(gêrus, voice, speech), Khotanese [script needed](ysār-, to sing), Latin garriō(chatter), Old English ċearu(sorrow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gair m (plural geiriau or geirau)

  1. word

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gair air ngair unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]