caru

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: čáru and čárů

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cārus.

Adjective[edit]

caru m sg (feminine singular cara, neuter singular caro, masculine plural caros, feminine plural cares)

  1. expensive

Antonyms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

caru m

  1. accusative singular form of cars
  2. instrumental singular form of cars
  3. genitive plural form of cars

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *karō. Cognate with Old Saxon kara, Old High German kara, Old Norse kǫr (sickbed), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐍂𐌰 (kara).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caru f

  1. worry, anxiety
  2. sorrow, grief, sadness
    cargāstspirit of sorrow, anxiety
    cargealdorsorrowful song, lamentation
    carsīþsorrowful journey

Usage notes[edit]

The declension table below shows the inherited forms of caru, with a-restoration before back vowels and palatalization and palatal diphthongization before front vowels. This distinction was often leveled in both directions, giving alternative forms such as nom. sg. ċearu and dat. sg. care.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: care

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *karɨd, from Proto-Celtic *kareti (to love), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂- (to desire, wish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

caru (first-person singular present caraf)

  1. (transitive) to love, like

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • cariad m (love, charity, affection; beloved (one); lover, sweetheart, darling)

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
caru garu ngharu charu
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “caru”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies