caro

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See also: Caro, ĉaro, čaro, čáro, and ca-rô

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin cārus (dear; expensive).

Adjective[edit]

caro m sg (feminine singular cara, masculine plural caros, feminine plural caras)

  1. expensive

References[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

caro

  1. neuter of caru

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo
Aleksej Miĥajloviĉ, caro de Rusio de 1645 ĝis 1676

Etymology[edit]

From Russian царь (carʹ), of Germanic origin, from Proto-Germanic *kaisaraz (emperor of Rome), ultimately from Latin Caesar. Compare Polish car, Yiddish צאַר(tsar). Doublet of Cezaro.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡saro]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -aro
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ro

Noun[edit]

caro (accusative singular caron, plural caroj, accusative plural carojn)

  1. (historical) tsar, czar (emperor of Russia and other Slavic states between 1547 and 1917)
    Coordinate term: carino

Hypernyms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese caro (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin cārus (dear; expensive).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

caro m (feminine singular cara, masculine plural caros, feminine plural caras)

  1. expensive; costly
    O barato adoito sai caro (proveb)Cheap frequently results expensive
    Antonym: barato
  2. (literary) dear

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • caro” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • caro” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • caro” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • caro” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • caro” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Esperanto caroEnglish czarFrench tsarGerman ZarItalian zarRussian царь (carʹ)Spanish zar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caro (plural cari)

  1. (historical) czar, tsar (no specific gender)

Derived terms[edit]

  • carala (relating to the czar, tsar)
  • carido (czarevitch, tsarevich)
  • carino (czarina, tsarina)
  • carulo (a male czar, tsar)

Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cārus.

Noun[edit]

caro

  1. dear; darling
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Caro, cun quil visito bianco e russo.
      Dear, with that little white and red face.

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cārus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

caro (feminine cara, masculine plural cari, feminine plural care, superlative carissimo)

  1. dear (beloved, or in the salutation of a letter), sweetheart
  2. dear, precious, expensive

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

caro m (plural cari, feminine cara)

  1. dear (darling)

Further reading[edit]

  • caro in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *karō, from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *(s)ker-. Cognate with Dutch scheren, German scheren, Norwegian skjære, Swedish skära; and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek κείρω (keírō, I cut off), English shear, Albanian harr (to cut, to mow), Lithuanian skìrti (to separate), Welsh ysgar (separate). See also sharp.

Noun[edit]

carō f (genitive carnis); third declension

  1. (literally) flesh, meat of an animal; pulp of a fruit
    1. flesh of the human body, as the seat of the passions
  2. (metonymically) soft part of a precious stone
  3. (figuratively) richness of discourse
Inflection[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative carō carnēs
Genitive carnis carnum
carnium
Dative carnī carnibus
Accusative carnem carnēs
Ablative carne carnibus
Vocative carō carnēs
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare Ancient Greek κείρω (keírō), German scheren, English shear. (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

cārō (present infinitive cārere); third conjugation, no perfect or supine stem

  1. (rare) I card (wool)
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of cārō (third conjugation, no supine stem, no perfect stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cārō cāris cārit cārimus cāritis cārunt
imperfect cārēbam cārēbās cārēbat cārēbāmus cārēbātis cārēbant
future cāram cārēs cāret cārēmus cārētis cārent
passive present cāror cāreris,
cārere
cāritur cārimur cāriminī cāruntur
imperfect cārēbar cārēbāris,
cārēbāre
cārēbātur cārēbāmur cārēbāminī cārēbantur
future cārar cārēris,
cārēre
cārētur cārēmur cārēminī cārentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cāram cārās cārat cārāmus cārātis cārant
imperfect cārerem cārerēs cāreret cārerēmus cārerētis cārerent
passive present cārar cārāris,
cārāre
cārātur cārāmur cārāminī cārantur
imperfect cārerer cārerēris,
cārerēre
cārerētur cārerēmur cārerēminī cārerentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cāre cārite
future cāritō cāritō cāritōte cāruntō
passive present cārere cāriminī
future cāritor cāritor cāruntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cārere cārī
participles cārēns cārendus,
cārundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cārendī cārendō cārendum cārendō
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

carō m

  1. dative/ablative singular of caros

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

cārō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of cārus

References[edit]

  • caro”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • caro”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • caro in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • caro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to live on meat, fish, by plunder: vivere carne, piscibus, rapto (Liv. 7. 25)

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

caro

  1. nominative singular masculine of cara (walker; frequenting)

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese caro, from Latin cārus (dear, beloved), from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₂ros.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈka.ɾu/, [ˈka.ɾu]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ro
  • Rhymes: -aɾu

Adjective[edit]

caro m (feminine singular cara, masculine plural caros, feminine plural caras, comparable)

  1. greatly valued; dear; loved; lovable
  2. of high price; expensive

Inflection[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French carreau.

Noun[edit]

caro n (uncountable)

  1. (card games) diamonds (card suit)

Declension[edit]


Somali[edit]

Noun[edit]

caro ?

  1. earth

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cārus, cognate with French cher. From the same Latin root as the English verbs caress and cherish.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaɾo/, [ˈka.ɾo]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

caro (feminine cara, masculine plural caros, feminine plural caras)

  1. dear (loved)
    Synonym: querido
  2. expensive
    Synonym: costoso
    Antonyms: barato, económico

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

caro

  1. costly
    • 2009 June 4, Gerardo Lissardy, “Europa vota, con escepticismo y enfado”, in BBC Mundo[2]:
      Europa celebra elecciones legislativas a partir de este jueves marcada por problemas políticos y una crisis económica que podrían costarle caro a los partidos gobernantes...
      Europe celebrates legislative elections this Thursday marked by political problems and an economic crisis that could be costly for the ruling parties...

Further reading[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin carrus.

Noun[edit]

caro m (plural cari)

  1. wagon, cart, lorry, truck

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin cārus.

Adjective[edit]

caro m (feminine singular cara, masculine plural cari, feminine plural care)

  1. dear (all senses)

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

caro

  1. (literary) third-person singular present subjunctive of caru

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
caro garo ngharo charo
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.