царь

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌹𐍃𐌰𐍂 (kaisar, emperor), from the Latin name Caesar.

Noun[edit]

царь (carĭm

  1. emperor
  2. tsar

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic цьсарь (cĭsarĭ), from Old Church Slavonic цѣсарь (cěsarĭ), from Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌹𐍃𐌰𐍂 (kaisar, emperor), from the Latin name Caesar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

царь (carʹm anim (genitive царя́, nominative plural цари́, feminine цари́ца)

  1. tsar, Russian emperor
  2. king
    царь зверей (tsar’ zveréj) — king of beasts
    царь и бог (tsar’ i boh) — God Almighty
    царь небесный (tsar’ nebésnyj) — Heavenly Father
    царь царей (tsar’ tsaréj) — King of kings
    при царе Горохе (pri tsaré Goróhe) — in the year dot; a very long time ago; since the beginning
    Он без царя в голове! (on bez tsarjá v golové) — He’s stupid!

Declension[edit]

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