царь

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌹𐍃𐌰𐍂(kaisar, emperor), from the Latin name Caesar.

Noun[edit]

царь ‎(carĭm

  1. emperor
  2. tsar

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic цьсарь(cĭsarĭ), from цѣсарь(cěsarĭ), from Proto-Slavic *cěsarjь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

царь ‎(carʹm anim ‎(genitive царя́, nominative plural цари́, genitive plural царе́й, feminine цари́ца)

  1. tsar, Russian emperor
  2. king (figuratively, or referring to ancient or non-European monarchs)
    царь звере́й‎ ― carʹ zveréj ― king of beasts
    царь и бог‎ ― carʹ i box ― God Almighty
    царь небе́сный‎ ― carʹ nebésnyj ― Heavenly Father
    царь царе́й‎ ― carʹ caréj ― King of kings
    при царе́ Горо́хе‎ ― pri caré Goróxe ― in the year dot; a very long time ago; since the beginning
    Он без царя́ в голове́!‎ ― On bez carjá v golové! ― He’s stupid!

Declension[edit]

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Descendants[edit]