царь

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *cěsařь, from a Germanic language, from Proto-Germanic *kaisaraz, from Latin Caesar

Noun[edit]

царь (carĭm

  1. emperor
  2. tsar

Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru
Царь Алексей Михайлович

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic цьсарь (cĭsarĭ), from цѣсарь (cěsarĭ), from Proto-Slavic *cěsařь, from a Germanic language, from Proto-Germanic *kaisaraz, from Latin Caesar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [t͡sarʲ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

царь (carʹm anim (genitive царя́, nominative plural цари́, genitive plural царе́й, feminine цари́ца, related adjective ца́рский, diminutive царёк)

  1. tsar, Russian emperor
  2. king (figuratively, or referring to ancient or non-European monarchs)
    царь звере́йcarʹ zveréjking of beasts
    царь и богcarʹ i boxGod Almighty
    царь небе́сныйcarʹ nebésnyjHeavenly Father
    царь царе́йcarʹ caréjKing of kings
    при царе́ Горо́хеpri caré Goróxein the year dot; a very long time ago; since the beginning
    Он без царя́ в голове́!On bez carjá v golové!He’s stupid!

Usage notes[edit]

  • From 1721 to 1917, Russia was officially an Empire, and its monarchs referred to as импера́тор (imperátor) (officially), госуда́рь (gosudárʹ), or самоде́ржец (samodéržec). For much of that time period, referring to the monarch (in his role as the ruler of Russia) as царь (carʹ) would have been seen as a colloquialism. The Russian monarch's official list of titles over non-Russian territories did include e.g. царь По́льский (carʹ Pólʹskij), which in English was rendered as “King of Poland”.

Declension[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]