Caesar

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See also: caesar, Cäsar, and Cæsar

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Caesar. Displaced Old English cāsere, which would have yielded *caser, *coser, and Middle English keiser, kaiser, from Old Norse and continental Germanic languages (see also Kaiser).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Caesar

  1. An ancient Roman family name, notably that of Gaius Iulius Caesar.
  2. (figuratively) The government; society; earthly powers.
    • :
      Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God's.
    • 1861, David Page, The past and present life of the globe, page 9:
      let it be clearly understood that we are dealing with Life solely in its geological aspects. We appeal unto Caesar; let us be judged by Caesar's laws.
    • 1957, Awake, volume 38, number 14, page 6:
      Caesar may discriminate unjustly against certain races. Christians are not to take issue with Caesar's laws on such matters and flout them, but should submit.
    • 2003, Carol Kammen, On Doing Local History, page 76:
      It is the story of churches that split apart over this issue and of ministers finding ways to justify the return of slaves because they were under the aegis of the laws of Caesar, not the laws of God.
    • 2012, Christopher Buckley, God Is My Broker[1]:
      But I know that Caesar's laws have been broken, and someone has to pay. I'm your man. These are good monks. If they committed any crime, it was to believe in me.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

Caesar (plural Caesars)

  1. A title of Roman emperors.
  2. Abbreviation of Caesar salad.
  3. (Canada) Abbreviation of Bloody Caesar.; A cocktail made from clamato (clam-tomato juice) and vodka, often garnished with celery.
  4. (medicine, colloquial) Short for Caesarean section.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Caesar”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, launched 2000.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Caesar m

  1. Caesar (ancient Roman family name)

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Etymology was subject to many interpretations in antiquity, all of which remain doubtful. Among these are:

  • From the Punic word for “elephant” 𐤂𐤀𐤄𐤔𐤀𐤉(caesai). This etymology was endorsed by Julius Caesar himself, thereby following the claims of his family that they inherited the cognomen from an ancestor, who had received the name after killing an elephant, possibly during the first Punic war.
  • From the phrase a caesiis oculis ("because of the blue eyes"): Caesar's eyes were black, but since the despotic dictator Sulla had had blue eyes, this interpretation might have been created as part of the anti-Caesarian propaganda in order to present Caesar as a tyrant.
  • From the phrase a caesariē ("because of the hair"): Since Caesar was balding, this interpretation might have been part of the anti-Caesarian mockery.
  • From the phrase a caeso matris utero ("born by Caesarean section"): In theory this might go back to an unknown Julian ancestor who was born in this way. On the other hand, it could also have been part of the anti-Caesarian propaganda.
  • From the verb caedō (to cut), in the argument of the Julians for receiving a sodality of the Lupercalia. The praenomen Kaeso (or Caeso) was best known from the Quinctii and the Fabii, possibly derived from their ritual duty of striking with the goat-skin at the luperci Quinctiales and the luperci Fabiani.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Caesar m (genitive Caesaris); third declension

  1. a Roman cognomen of the gens Iulia, notably that of Gaius Iulius Caesar.

Declension[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Caesar Caesarēs
Genitive Caesaris Caesarum
Dative Caesarī Caesaribus
Accusative Caesarem Caesarēs
Ablative Caesare Caesaribus
Vocative Caesar Caesarēs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]