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PIE root

From Proto-Indo-European *keh₂id-, *kh₂eyd- ‎(to cut, hew). Cognates include Old High German heia ‎(wooden hammer), Old Armenian խայթ ‎(xaytʿ, sting) and Sanskrit खिदति ‎(khídati, to tear, press).



caedō ‎(present infinitive caedere, perfect active cecīdī, supine caesum); third conjugation

  1. I cut, hew, fell.
  2. I strike, beat.
  3. I kill.


   Conjugation of caedo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present caedō caedis caedit caedimus caeditis caedunt
imperfect caedēbam caedēbās caedēbat caedēbāmus caedēbātis caedēbant
future caedam caedēs caedet caedēmus caedētis caedent
perfect cecīdī cecīdistī cecīdit cecīdimus cecīdistis cecīdērunt, cecīdēre
pluperfect cecīderam cecīderās cecīderat cecīderāmus cecīderātis cecīderant
future perfect cecīderō cecīderis cecīderit cecīderimus cecīderitis cecīderint
passive present caedor caederis, caedere caeditur caedimur caediminī caeduntur
imperfect caedēbar caedēbāris, caedēbāre caedēbātur caedēbāmur caedēbāminī caedēbantur
future caedar caedēris, caedēre caedētur caedēmur caedēminī caedentur
perfect caesus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect caesus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect caesus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present caedam caedās caedat caedāmus caedātis caedant
imperfect caederem caederēs caederet caederēmus caederētis caederent
perfect cecīderim cecīderīs cecīderit cecīderīmus cecīderītis cecīderint
pluperfect cecīdissem cecīdissēs cecīdisset cecīdissēmus cecīdissētis cecīdissent
passive present caedar caedāris, caedāre caedātur caedāmur caedāminī caedantur
imperfect caederer caederēris, caederēre caederētur caederēmur caederēminī caederentur
perfect caesus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect caesus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present caede caedite
future caeditō caeditō caeditōte caeduntō
passive present caedere caediminī
future caeditor caeditor caeduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives caedere cecīdisse caesūrus esse caedī caesus esse caesum īrī
participles caedēns caesūrus caesus caedendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
caedere caedendī caedendō caedendum caesum caesū
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]


  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, pages 79, 80