- 1 Galician
- 2 Italian
- 3 Latin
- 4 Portuguese
- 5 Spanish
From Proto-Indo-European *ḱiesdʰ- (“to drive away; to go away”). Cognates include Sanskrit सेधति (sedhati, “to drive, chase away”) and Avestan [script needed] (siizdat̰, “will chase away”)[script needed].
- (intransitive) I go, move, proceed, go along, move along.
- (intransitive) I result, turn out, happen.
- (intransitive) I withdraw, depart, retire, go away from.
- (intransitive) I disappear, pass away, vanish.
- (intransitive, with dative) I cede, give in or yield (to), step aside (for), give way (to).
- (transitive) I concede, give up, grant, surrender, yield.
- (intransitive, with dative or in +acc.) I fall (to) (as a possession); accrue or come (to).
- (intransitive, with in +acc.) I become, turn into, be or become the equivalent of.
From the Proto-Italic imperative *ke-dō, plural *ke-date. This is composed of a particle *ke (“here”) (seen also in ec-ce, hi-c, illi-c etc.) + the imperative of dō (“give”) (which was originally *dō, but changed later to dā by analogy).
- (of objects) Hand (it) over!; Give (it)!
- (with manum) Give me your hand!
- (of objects, especially evidence or exhibits at a trial) Produce (it)!; Show (it) to us!
- (of people) Bring (him)!, Bring (him) in!, Produce (him)!
- Tell me!; Describe (it) to me!, Explain (it) to me!
- (followed by a conditional clause with consequent) Tell me, Come now, Hear me out
- (followed by a conditional clause without a consequent) What if?, Suppose?
- (with impersonal or subjunctive) Come now
- Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 103
- Forms of Conjugation, in J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge, Ed.; Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges
cedo (not comparable)