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From sē- (apart) +‎ cēdō (go).



sēcēdō (present infinitive sēcēdere, perfect active sēcessī, supine sēcessum); third conjugation

  1. to withdraw, to secede, to separate oneself, to shut oneself off, to seek distance
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.375-376:
      omnia fīnierat: tenuēs sēcessit in aurās.
      mānsit odor: possēs scīre fuisse deam.
      [Her story] was all finished: She withdrew into gentle breezes.
      Her fragrance remained: You might know a goddess had been [there].

      (Ovid concludes his poetic dialogue with Flora (mythology).)
    • Dig. XVII.I.16 Ulpianus libro trigensimo primo ad edictum
      Si quis mihi mandaverit in meo aliquid facere et fecero, quaesitum est, an sit mandati actio. Et ait Celsus libro septimo digestorum hoc respondisse se, cum Aurelius Quietus hospiti suo medico mandasse diceretur, ut in hortis eius quos Ravennae habebat, in quos omnibus annis secedere solebat, sphaeristerium et hypocausta et quaedam ipsius valetudini apta sua inpensa faceret: deducto igitur, quanto sua aedificia pretiosiora fecisset, quod amplius impendisset posse eum mandati iudicio persequi.
      If someone mandates me to do something in my own business and I have done it, it is to be asked if a mandate claim arises. And Celsus says in the seventh book of his digests that it is to answer that when Aurelius Quietus tells his guest who is a physician and has gardens in Ravenna where he withdraws all years to build a sphaeristerium and hypocausts and certain other things which further his fitness by his own outlay this claim can be pursued offsetting the sum by which it has added to the value of the buildings, that is the outlay that goes beyond this.


   Conjugation of sēcēdō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sēcēdō sēcēdis sēcēdit sēcēdimus sēcēditis sēcēdunt
imperfect sēcēdēbam sēcēdēbās sēcēdēbat sēcēdēbāmus sēcēdēbātis sēcēdēbant
future sēcēdam sēcēdēs sēcēdet sēcēdēmus sēcēdētis sēcēdent
perfect sēcessī sēcessistī sēcessit sēcessimus sēcessistis sēcessērunt,
pluperfect sēcesseram sēcesserās sēcesserat sēcesserāmus sēcesserātis sēcesserant
future perfect sēcesserō sēcesseris sēcesserit sēcesserimus sēcesseritis sēcesserint
passive present sēcēdor sēcēderis,
sēcēditur sēcēdimur sēcēdiminī sēcēduntur
imperfect sēcēdēbar sēcēdēbāris,
sēcēdēbātur sēcēdēbāmur sēcēdēbāminī sēcēdēbantur
future sēcēdar sēcēdēris,
sēcēdētur sēcēdēmur sēcēdēminī sēcēdentur
perfect sēcessus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sēcessus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sēcessus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sēcēdam sēcēdās sēcēdat sēcēdāmus sēcēdātis sēcēdant
imperfect sēcēderem sēcēderēs sēcēderet sēcēderēmus sēcēderētis sēcēderent
perfect sēcesserim sēcesserīs sēcesserit sēcesserīmus sēcesserītis sēcesserint
pluperfect sēcessissem sēcessissēs sēcessisset sēcessissēmus sēcessissētis sēcessissent
passive present sēcēdar sēcēdāris,
sēcēdātur sēcēdāmur sēcēdāminī sēcēdantur
imperfect sēcēderer sēcēderēris,
sēcēderētur sēcēderēmur sēcēderēminī sēcēderentur
perfect sēcessus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sēcessus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sēcēde sēcēdite
future sēcēditō sēcēditō sēcēditōte sēcēduntō
passive present sēcēdere sēcēdiminī
future sēcēditor sēcēditor sēcēduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sēcēdere sēcessisse sēcessūrum esse sēcēdī sēcessum esse sēcessum īrī
participles sēcēdēns sēcessūrus sēcessus sēcēdendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
sēcēdendī sēcēdendō sēcēdendum sēcēdendō sēcessum sēcessū

Derived terms[edit]


  • secedo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • secedo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • secedo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette