From Latin sēparātus, perfect passive participle of sēparāre (“to separate”), from sē- (“apart”) + parō (“prepare”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *per- (“produce, procure, bring forward, bring forth”). Displaced Middle English scheden, from Old English scēadan (whence English shed).
- (adjective, noun) IPA(key): /ˈsɛpɹət/, /ˈsɛpəɹət/
- (verb) IPA(key): /ˈsɛpəɹeɪt/
Audio (US), adjective (file) Audio (US), verb (file)
- Rhymes: (adjective, noun) -ɛpəɹət, (verb) -ɛpəɹeɪt
- Hyphenation: sep‧a‧rate
separate (not comparable)
- Apart from (the rest); not connected to or attached to (anything else).
- This chair can be disassembled into five separate pieces.
- (followed by “from”) Not together (with); not united (to).
- I try to keep my personal life separate from work.
- (transitive) To divide (a thing) into separate parts.
- Separate the articles from the headings.
- (transitive) To disunite from a group or mass; to disconnect.
- (transitive) To cause (things or people) to be separate.
- 2013 June 7, David Simpson, “Fantasy of navigation”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 36:
- It is tempting to speculate about the incentives or compulsions that might explain why anyone would take to the skies in [the] basket [of a balloon]: […]; […]; or perhaps to muse on the irrelevance of the borders that separate nation states and keep people from understanding their shared environment.
- If the kids get too noisy, separate them for a few minutes.
- (intransitive) To divide itself into separate pieces or substances.
- The sauce will separate if you don't keep stirring.
- (obsolete) To set apart; to select from among others, as for a special use or service.
- (divide into separate parts): partition, split; see also Thesaurus:divide
- (disunite something from one thing): See also Thesaurus:disjoin
- (cause to be separate): split up, tear apart
- (divide itself): break down, come apart, disintegrate, fall apart
- (select from among others): earmark, sepose; see also Thesaurus:set apart
separate (plural separates)
- (usually in the plural) Anything that is sold by itself, especially articles of clothing such as blouses, skirts, jackets, and pants.
- 2017 October 2, Jess Cartner-Morle, “Stella McCartney lays waste to disposable fashion in Paris”, in the Guardian:
- French taffeta evening separates – a puffball skirt, and a ruffled blouse – were pressed flat to drag them up to date.
- (bibliography) A printing of an article from a periodical as its own distinct publication and distributed independently, often with different page numbers.
- inflection of :
- “separate”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) […] A New Latin Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- “separate”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- separate in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette