scheiden

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See also: Scheiden

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch scheiden, from Old Dutch skeithan, skēthan, from Proto-Germanic *skaiþaną.

Verb[edit]

scheiden

  1. (transitive) to separate
  2. (intransitive) to divorce

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of scheiden (weak with strong past participle)
infinitive scheiden
past singular scheidde
past participle gescheiden
infinitive scheiden
gerund scheiden n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular scheid scheidde
2nd person sing. (jij) scheidt scheidde
2nd person sing. (u) scheidt scheidde
2nd person sing. (gij) scheidt scheidde
3rd person singular scheidt scheidde
plural scheiden scheidden
subjunctive sing.1 scheide scheidde
subjunctive plur.1 scheiden scheidden
imperative sing. scheid
imperative plur.1 scheidt
participles scheidend gescheiden
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German sceidan, from Proto-Germanic *skaiþaną (whence also Dutch scheiden, West Frisian skiede, English shed), from Proto-Indo-European *skēi-t-, from *skeh₁i-d 'to cut', *skey- (whence also Welsh chwydu 'to break open', Lithuanian skíesti 'to separate', Old Church Slavonic чѣдити ‎(čĕditi) 'to filter, strain', Ancient Greek σχίζω ‎(skhízō, to split), Old Armenian ցտեմ ‎(cʿtem, to scratch), Sanskrit च्यति ‎(chyáti) 'he cuts off').

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃaɪ̯dən/, [ˈʃaɪ̯dən], [ˈʃaɪ̯dn̩]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

scheiden ‎(class 1 strong, third-person singular simple present scheidet, past tense schied, past participle geschieden, past subjunctive schiede, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (transitive, dated, literary) to separate
  2. (intransitive or reflexive, dated, literary) to leave one another; to part; to be separated; to be divided
  3. (transitive) to dissolve (a marriage); to divorce (a couple)
    Der Richter weigerte sich, die Ehe zu scheiden. — “The judge refused to dissolve the marriage.”
  4. (transitive, with lassen) to have (a marriage) dissolved
    Sie wollen ihre Ehe scheiden lassen. — “They want to dissolve their marriage.”
  5. (reflexive, with lassen) to divorce (one's spouse); to get a divorce (from one's spouse)
    Meine Frau will sich von mir scheiden lassen. — “My wife wants to divorce me.”

Usage notes[edit]

  • The perfect auxiliary is haben in transitive and reflexive uses, and always in constructions with lassen. In intransitive uses, the auxiliary is sein, but such instances are rare in contemporary German. Note that in a phrase like Sie ist geschieden (“She's divorced”), the verb sein is the copula, not the perfect auxiliary.
  • The present participle scheidend has an idiomatic sense “retiring, resigning, about to be replaced”: der scheidende Vorstandsvorsitzende — “the retiring CEO”.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]