sein

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

sein ‎(plural seins)

  1. Archaic spelling of seine.

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

sein

  1. child

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either borrowed from English sign or borrowed from Old French variants sein or seing. Both are derived from Latin signum.[1] The word zegen derives from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sein n ‎(plural seinen, diminutive seintje n)

  1. signal

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ sein; in J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)

Verb[edit]

sein

  1. first-person singular present indicative of seinen
  2. imperative of seinen

Estonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Etymology[edit]

An old Baltic loanword, compare siena. Finnish seinä is of the same origin.

Noun[edit]

sein ‎(genitive seina, partitive seina)

  1. wall

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: sein
  • Rhymes: -ein
  • IPA(key): /ˈsei̯n/

Noun[edit]

sein

  1. Genitive singular form of sei.
  2. Instructive plural form of sei.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sinus. Compare Italian seno, Romanian sân, Romansch sain, Portuguese seio, Spanish seno.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sein m ‎(plural seins)

  1. (anatomy) breast
  2. (literary) womb
    elle a porté cet enfant dans son sein - she carried this child in her womb
  3. bosom
    au sein de la famille - in the bosom of the family
    le sein du Père - the bosom of the Father

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


German[edit]

German Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia de

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zaɪ̯n/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪ̯n
  • Homophone: seinen (according to a common pronunciation of this form)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German sein, sīn, from Old High German sīn ‎(to be) (with some parts from Proto-Germanic *wesaną ‎(to be) and *beuną ‎(to be, exist, become)), from Proto-Indo-European *es-, *h₁es- ‎(to be, exist). Cognate with Dutch zijn ‎(to be), Low German ween, sien, Old English sēon ‎(to be). More at sooth.

Verb[edit]

sein ‎(irregular, third-person singular simple present ist, past tense war, past participle gewesen, past subjunctive wäre, auxiliary sein)

  1. (with a predicate adjective or predicate nominative) to be
    Das ist schön.
    That is beautiful.
    Das ist ein Auto.
    That is a car.
  2. (with a predicate adjective and an indirect object) to feel (to experience a certain condition)
    Mir ist kalt. Mir ist übel. Mir ist schwindelig. Mir ist wohl.
    I feel cold. I feel sick. I feel dizzy. I feel well. (Literally: To me is cold. etc.)
  3. (auxiliary) forms the present perfect and past perfect tense of certain intransitive verbs
    Er ist alt geworden.
    He has become old.
  4. (intransitive) to exist; there be; to be alive
    Was nicht ist, kann noch werden. (A common proverb)
    That which does not exist now, may come into existence.
    Wenn ich nicht mehr bin, erbst du das Haus.
    When I am no more, you'll inherit the house.
  5. (intransitive, colloquial) to have the next turn (in a game, in a queue, etc.)
    Du bist. — “It’s your turn.”
    Du bist nach mir. — “Your turn is after mine.”
  6. (intransitive, childish) to be "it"; to be the tagger in a game of tag
    Du bist! (Emphasis on du) – You're it!
    Ich bin nicht mehr. – I'm not it anymore.
Conjugation[edit]

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

(This is incomplete, even when not mentioning older forms - still in use: wärest & wäret can be wärst & wärt; older/poetic also: ihr wart can be waret)

The first and third person plural imperative forms are identical to the subjunctive (using the stem sei- for all forms) rather than the indicative. This is not normally noticeable in regular verbs, but because this verb is very irregular, the indicative and subjunctive forms differ:

  • seien wir — “let’s be”
  • seien Sie — (formal or plural) “be”, “may they be”
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle High German sein, sīn, from Old High German sīn, from Proto-Germanic *sīnaz ‎(his, her, its, their), from Proto-Indo-European *seinos, genitive of *só ‎(that). Cognate with Low German sien ‎(his, its), Dutch zijn ‎(his, its), Danish sin ‎(his, her, its, their), Old English sīn ‎(his, its).

Determiner[edit]

sein

  1. his
  2. its (when the owning object/article/thing/animal etc., is neuter (das) or masculine (der))
Inflection[edit]

When used as a noun, the nominative masculine takes the form seiner, and the nominative/accusative neuter takes the form seines or seins.

  • mein Vater und seiner – my father and his
  • mein Kind und sein(e)s – my child and his

Anagrams[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sein

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌴𐌹𐌽

Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

sein

  1. Alternative form of seien

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse seinn

Adjective[edit]

sein ‎(neuter singular seint, definite singular and plural seine, comparative seinere, indefinite superlative seinest, definite superlative seineste)

  1. alternative form of sen

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse seinn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sein ‎(masculine and feminine sein, neuter seint, definite singular and plural seine, comparative seinare, indefinite superlative seinast, definite superlative seinaste)

  1. slow
  2. late (arriving after expected time)
  3. late (near the end of a period of time)

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

sein m ‎(oblique plural seinz, nominative singular seinz, nominative plural sein)

  1. breast (anatomy)

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun) sain
  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) sagn

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sinus (compare French sein, Italian seno, Romanian sân, Spanish seno).

Noun[edit]

sein m

  1. (Sursilvan, anatomy) breast (of a woman)

Related terms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Surmiran) pèz
  • (Sutsilvan) péz
  • (Puter, Vallader) pet