siena

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See also: si̋eną, Siena, and sienā

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See siens.

Noun[edit]

siena m

  1. genitive singular form of siens

Etymology 2[edit]

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 Siena on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Mājas siena (1)
Pilsētas siena (2)
Alas sienas (4)

Cognate with Lithuanian síena ‎(wall, border). Derived from verb siet ‎(to tie, bind) in its older meaning “to braid, to weave” (see etymology of siet), which suggests that the original meaning of siena was “wicker-work”; compare cognates Avestan [script needed] ‎(hinu, ties, bonds, hobble, chain), Old Irish sin ‎(chain, necktie). The current meaning suggests that house walls were originally woven with branches and twings, and then probably covered with mud (compare with German Wand ‎(wall), winden ‎(wind, twist, weave)); some evidence from old folk songs supports this idea.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

siena f (4th declension)

  1. wall (structure (made of wood, masonry, etc.) that limits a building, a room, etc.)
    mājas, istabas, šķūna sienas — house, room, barn walls
    mūra, koka, baļķu siena — masonry, wooden, log wall
    krāsota, balsināta, tapsēta siena — painted, plastered, papered wall
    krāsot sienu — to pain the wall
    līmēt tapetes uz sienas — to paper (lit. paste paper on) the wall
    sienas pulkstenis, lampawall clock, lamp
    iesist naglu sienā — to drive a nail into the wall
    pakārt gleznu pie sienas — to hang a painting on the wall
  2. wall, rampart (a high enclosure, especially for protection)
    Kremļa sienas — Kremlin walls
    cietokšņa sienas — fortress walls
    pilsētas sienas — city walls
  3. something that encloses, also metaphorically
    dūmu, liesmu, uguns, miglas siena — a smoke, flame, fire, fog wall
    naida siena — hatred wall
  4. external side of a container, box, cavity, body organ, etc.
    skapja sienas — cabinet walls
    alas, bedres sienas — cave, pit walls
    tvaika katla sienas — boiler walls
    kuņģa siena — stomach wall
    artērijas siena — artery wall
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “siena” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

siena f ‎(plural sienos)

  1. wall

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

siena f

  1. obsolete spelling of sjena