organ

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See also: Organ, orgán, and òrgan

English[edit]

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The console of a pipe organ (musical instrument).

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English organe, from Old French organe, from Latin organum, from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon, an instrument, implement, tool, also an organ of sense or apprehension, an organ of the body, also a musical instrument, an organ), from Proto-Indo-European *werǵ-. Doublet of organon, organum, and orgue.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

organ (plural organs)

  1. A larger part of an organism, composed of tissues that perform similar functions.
    bodily organs
    vital organ
    • 2018, Sandeep Jauhar, Heart: a History, →ISBN, page 98:
      No matter the extraordinary progress that has been made in heart surgery over the past century, the heart remains a vulnerable organ.
  2. (by extension) A body of an organization dedicated to the performing of certain functions.
  3. (music) A musical instrument that has multiple pipes which play when a key is pressed (the pipe organ), or an electronic instrument designed to replicate such.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      He was thinking; but the glory of the song, the swell from the great organ, the clustered lights, […], the height and vastness of this noble fane, its antiquity and its strength—all these things seemed to have their part as causes of the thrilling emotion that accompanied his thoughts.
  4. An official magazine, newsletter, or similar publication of an organization.
  5. Short for organ pipe cactus.
  6. government organization; agency; authority
  7. (slang) The penis.
    • 1920, Edward Carpenter, Pagan and Christian Creeds, New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., page 81:
      If the Snake has an unmistakeable resemblance to the male organ in its active state, the foliage of the tree or bush is equally remindful of the female.

Hyponyms[edit]

See also Thesaurus:organ.
of the biological sense
of the sense “a musical instrument”
of the sense “a medium of communication”

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Korean: 오르간 (oreugan)
  • Maori: ōkana
  • Vietnamese: oóc-gan

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Verb[edit]

organ (third-person singular simple present organs, present participle organing, simple past and past participle organed)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To supply with an organ or organs; to fit with organs.
    • 1681, Thomas Manningham, Two Discourses
      Thou art elemented and organ'd for other apprehensions.

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch orgaan, from Middle Dutch organe, from Latin organum, from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɔrɡan]
  • Hyphenation: or‧gan

Noun[edit]

organ

  1. organ:
    1. (biology) a larger part of an organism, composed of tissues that perform similar functions.
    2. (music) a musical instrument that has multiple pipes which play when a key is pressed (the pipe organ), or an electronic instrument designed to replicate such.
    3. an official magazine, newsletter, or similar publication of an organization.
  2. mouthpiece, a spokesperson or medium aligned with an organisation.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

organ

  1. Alternative form of organe

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Latin organum, a borrowing from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon),

Noun[edit]

organ n (definite singular organet, indefinite plural organ or organer, definite plural organa or organene)

  1. (anatomy, biology) an organ
  2. an organ (publication which represents an organisation)
  3. a body (e.g. an advisory body)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • orgel (musical instrument)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon), via Latin organum

Noun[edit]

organ n (definite singular organet, indefinite plural organ, definite plural organa)

  1. (anatomy, biology) an organ
  2. an organ (publication which represents an organisation)
  3. a body (e.g. an advisory body)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • orgel (musical instrument)

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin organum, from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

organ m inan

  1. organ, part of an organism
  2. (by extension) unit of government dedicated to a specific function
  3. (politics) organ, official publication of a political organization

Declension[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Byzantine Greek ὄργανος (órganos), from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon), partly through the intermediate of Slavic *orъganъ. Some senses also based on French orgue (cf. orgă), Italian organum, Italian organo.

Noun[edit]

organ n (plural organe)

  1. organ (part of organism)
  2. (archaic) organ (musical instrument)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (musical instrument): orgă

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǒrɡaːn/
  • Hyphenation: or‧gan

Noun[edit]

òrgān m (Cyrillic spelling о̀рга̄н)

  1. organ (part of an organism)

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

organ n

  1. (anatomy) an organ (a part of the body)
  2. (dated) a voice (of a singer or actor)
    Hon förenade med ett utmärkt teateryttre en hög grad af intelligens, en ypperlig organ och en förträfflig deklamationskonst
    She combined with excellent theatrical looks a high degree of intelligence, an extraordinary voice and a splendid mastery of declamation
  3. an organ; a newspaper (of an organization, i.e. its voice)

Declension[edit]

Declension of organ 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative organ organet organ organen
Genitive organs organets organs organens

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]