अङ्ग

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ang-(corner, hirn).

Noun[edit]

अङ्ग ‎(aṅgam

  1. (√ अम् Uṇ.), a limb of the body
  2. a limb, member
  3. the body
  4. a subordinate division or department, especially of a science, as the six वेदाङ्गs hence the number six
  5. Name of the chief sacred texts of the जैनs
  6. a limb or subdivision of मन्त्र or counsel (said to be five, viz. 1. कर्मणाम् आरम्भोपायः, means of commencing operations ; 2. पुरुष-द्रव्य-सम्पद्, providing men and materials ; 3. देश-काल-विभाग, distribution of place and time ; 4. विपत्ति-प्रतीकार, counter-action of disaster ; 5. कार्य-सिद्धि, successful accomplishment ; whence मन्त्र is said to be पञ्चाङ्ग)
  7. any subdivision, a supplement
  8. (grammar) the base of a word, but in the strong cases only.
  9. anything inferior or secondary, anything immaterial or unessential, » अङ्ग-ता
  10. (rhetoric) an illustration
  11. (drama) the whole of the subordinate characters
  12. expedient
  13. a mental organ, the mind

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of अङ्ग
Nom. sg. अङ्गः(aṅgaḥ)
Gen. sg. अङ्गस्य(aṅgasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अङ्गः(aṅgaḥ) अङ्गौ(aṅgau) अङ्गाः(aṅgāḥ)
Vocative अङ्ग(aṅga) अङ्गौ(aṅgau) अङ्गाः(aṅgāḥ)
Accusative अङ्गम्(aṅgam) अङ्गौ(aṅgau) अङ्गान्(aṅgān)
Instrumental अङ्गेन(aṅgena) अङ्गाभ्याम्(aṅgābhyām) अङ्गैः(aṅgaiḥ)
Dative अङ्गाय(aṅgāya) अङ्गाभ्याम्(aṅgābhyām) अङ्गेभ्यः(aṅgebhyaḥ)
Ablative अङ्गात्(aṅgāt) अङ्गाभ्याम्(aṅgābhyām) अङ्गेभ्यः(aṅgebhyaḥ)
Genitive अङ्गस्य(aṅgasya) अङ्गयोः(aṅgayoḥ) अङ्गानाम्(aṅgānām)
Locative अङ्गे(aṅge) अङ्गयोः(aṅgayoḥ) अङ्गेषु(aṅgeṣu)

References[edit]

  • Monier William's Sanskrit-English Dictionary, 2nd Ed. 1899.