अङ्ग

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ang- ‎(corner, hirn).

Noun[edit]

अङ्ग ‎(aṅgam

  1. (√ अम् Uṇ.), a limb of the body
  2. a limb, member
  3. the body
  4. a subordinate division or department, especially of a science, as the six वेदाङ्गs hence the number six
  5. Name of the chief sacred texts of the जैनs
  6. a limb or subdivision of मन्त्र or counsel (said to be five, viz. 1. कर्मणाम् आरम्भोपायः, means of commencing operations ; 2. पुरुष-द्रव्य-सम्पद्, providing men and materials ; 3. देश-काल-विभाग, distribution of place and time ; 4. विपत्ति-प्रतीकार, counter-action of disaster ; 5. कार्य-सिद्धि, successful accomplishment ; whence मन्त्र is said to be पञ्चाङ्ग)
  7. any subdivision, a supplement
  8. (grammar) the base of a word, but in the strong cases only.
  9. anything inferior or secondary, anything immaterial or unessential, » अङ्ग-ता
  10. (rhetoric) an illustration
  11. (drama) the whole of the subordinate characters
  12. expedient
  13. a mental organ, the mind

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of अङ्ग
Nom. sg. अङ्गः ‎(aṅgaḥ)
Gen. sg. अङ्गस्य ‎(aṅgasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अङ्गः ‎(aṅgaḥ) अङ्गौ ‎(aṅgau) अङ्गाः ‎(aṅgāḥ)
Vocative अङ्ग ‎(aṅga) अङ्गौ ‎(aṅgau) अङ्गाः ‎(aṅgāḥ)
Accusative अङ्गम् ‎(aṅgam) अङ्गौ ‎(aṅgau) अङ्गान् ‎(aṅgān)
Instrumental अङ्गेन ‎(aṅgena) अङ्गाभ्याम् ‎(aṅgābhyām) अङ्गैः ‎(aṅgaiḥ)
Dative अङ्गाय ‎(aṅgāya) अङ्गाभ्याम् ‎(aṅgābhyām) अङ्गेभ्यः ‎(aṅgebhyaḥ)
Ablative अङ्गात् ‎(aṅgāt) अङ्गाभ्याम् ‎(aṅgābhyām) अङ्गेभ्यः ‎(aṅgebhyaḥ)
Genitive अङ्गस्य ‎(aṅgasya) अङ्गयोः ‎(aṅgayoḥ) अङ्गानाम् ‎(aṅgānām)
Locative अङ्गे ‎(aṅge) अङ्गयोः ‎(aṅgayoḥ) अङ्गेषु ‎(aṅgeṣu)

References[edit]

  • Monier William's Sanskrit-English Dictionary, 2nd Ed. 1899.