اندام

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Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Middle Persian hndʾm (handām, member, limb) (whence هندام (handâm)), Manichaean Parthian hndʾm (handām, limb, member; part, section), Northern Kurdish endam, Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬧𐬛𐬁𐬨𐬀 (haṇdāma, limb). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sem- (together) + *dʰeh₁- (to put) + *-mn̥.

Compare also Arabic هِنْدَام (hindām) (whence هندام (hendâm)), Old Armenian անդամ (andam), Classical Mandaic ࡄࡀࡍࡃࡀࡌ (handāmā), Aramaic הדמא (haddāmā), Classical Syriac ܗܕܡܐ (haddāmā), Iranian borrowings.

Noun[edit]

اندام (andâm) (plural اندام‌ها (andâm-hâ))

  1. limb
  2. organ
  3. body, figure
  4. (archaic) symmetry, order, arrangement

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • "اندام" in Dehkhoda Dictionary.
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “handām”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 41
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “անդամ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 187b
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 864