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See also: orgánum
- (music) A type of medieval polyphony which builds upon an existing plainsong.
- (archaic) A method by which philosophical or scientific investigation may be conducted.
- 1794, George Adams, Lectures on natural and experimental philosophy:
- He has given us an organum of a different origin and construction from that of Arislotle […]
- 1823, Thomas Wirgman, An Entirely New, Complete and Permanent Science of Philosophy:
- Another important circumstance respecting our transcendental esthetics is, that it does not insinuate itself merely as a plausible hypothesis, but is as certain and indubitable as we can require any theory to be in order to serve as an organum.
archaic: method by which philosophical or scientific investigation may be conducted
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈor.ɡa.num/, [ˈɔr.ɡa.nʊ̃ˑ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈor.ɡa.num/, [ˈɔr.ɡa.num]
Second-declension noun (neuter).
Note: In many Romance languages, it is unclear whether inherited or borrowed from Latin.
- Italian: organo, argano
- Old French: organe, orgene
- Old Leonese: [Term?]
- Old Occitan: [Term?]
- Old Portuguese: *orgão
- Old Spanish: [Term?]
- → Catalan: orgue
- → Czech: varhany
- → English: organum
- → French: orgue (earlier borrowing)
- → French: organe (later borrowing)
- Haitian Creole: ògàn
- → Irish: orgán
- → German: Organ
- → Czech: orgán
- → Hungarian: orgona
- → Middle Dutch: orgele
- → Middle English: organum
- → Middle Low German: orgel, örgel
- → Old Frisian: orgel
- West Frisian: oargel
- → Old High German: orgela, argela
- organum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- organum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- organum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- organum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- organum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
organum (plural organum)
- A device used to produce music; a musical instrument.
- A keyboard instrument that produces sound by air moved through pipes; an organ.