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See also: orgánum
Borrowed from Latin organum, itself a borrowing from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon, “organ, instrument, tool”). Doublet of organ, organon, and orgue.
organum (countable and uncountable, plural organums or organa)
- (music) A type of medieval polyphony which builds upon an existing plainsong.
- (archaic) A method by which philosophical or scientific investigation may be conducted.
- 1794, George Adams, Lectures on natural and experimental philosophy:
- He has given us an organum of a different origin and construction from that of Arislotle […]
- 1823, Thomas Wirgman, An Entirely New, Complete and Permanent Science of Philosophy:
- Another important circumstance respecting our transcendental esthetics is, that it does not insinuate itself merely as a plausible hypothesis, but is as certain and indubitable as we can require any theory to be in order to serve as an organum.
archaic: method by which philosophical or scientific investigation may be conducted
Borrowed from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon, “organ, instrument, tool”).
organum n (genitive organī); second declension
- an implement, instrument, tool
- any musical instrument
Second-declension noun (neuter).
Note: In many Romance languages, it is unclear whether inherited or borrowed from Latin.
- Italian: organo, argano
- Old French: organe, orgene
- Old Leonese:
- Old Occitan:
- Old Galician-Portuguese: *orgão
- Old Spanish: huérgano, órgano
- Sicilian: òrganu
- → Catalan: orgue
- → Czech: varhany
- → English: organum
- → French: orgue (earlier borrowing)
- → French: organe (later borrowing)
- Haitian Creole: ògàn
- → Irish: orgán
- → German: Organ
- → Czech: orgán
- → Hungarian: orgona
- → Middle English: organum
- → Proto-West Germanic: *orgalā (see there for further descendants)
- → Old Irish: organ
- Irish: orgán
- “organum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- “organum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- organum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
- organum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
- “organum”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
Borrowed from Latin organum. Doublet of organe.
organum (plural organum)
- A device used to produce music; a musical instrument.
- A keyboard instrument that produces sound by air moved through pipes; an organ.
- (general musical instrument): instrument; organe; simphane; symphonye
- (keyboard instrument): organe
- “organum, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-04-02.
organum n (uncountable)
declension of organum (singular only)
|n gender||indefinite articulation||definite articulation|
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