pet

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See also: Pet, PET, pét, pêt, pět, pęt, and Pet.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɛt/, [pʰɛt], [pʰɛʔt]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛt

Etymology 1[edit]

Attested since the 1500s in the sense "indulged child" and since the 1530s in the sense "animal companion".[1][2][3] From Scots and dialectal Northern English, of unclear origin. Perhaps a back-formation of petty, pety (little, small), a term formerly used to describe children and animals (e.g. pet lambs).[2][3] Alternatively, perhaps a borrowing of Scottish Gaelic peata, from Middle Irish petta, peta (pet, lap-dog), of uncertain (possibly pre-Indo-European substrate) origin.[4] Compare peat (pet, darling, woman).

The verb is derived from the noun.[2][3]

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

pet (plural pets)

  1. An animal kept as a companion.
  2. (by extension) Something kept as a companion, including inanimate objects. (pet rock, pet plant, etc.)
    • 2015 September 15, Toby Fox, Undertale, Linux, Microsoft Windows, OS X:
      Papyrus: This is my brother's pet rock. He always forgets to feed it. As usual, I have to take responsibility.
  3. One who is excessively loyal to a superior and receives preferential treatment.
  4. Any person or animal especially cherished and indulged; a darling.
    • 1847 December, Ellis Bell [pseudonym; Emily Brontë], chapter XIX, in Wuthering Heights, volume (please specify |volume=I or II), London: Thomas Cautley Newby, [], OCLC 156123328:
      At first she sat silent; but that could not last: she had resolved to make a pet of her little cousin, as she would have him to be; and she commenced stroking his curls, and kissing his cheek, and offering him tea in her saucer, like a baby.
    • 1711 January 1 (Gregorian calendar), Isaac Bickerstaff [et al., pseudonyms; Richard Steele et al.], “Thursday, December 21, 1710”, in The Tatler, number 266; republished in [Richard Steele], editor, The Tatler, [], volume III, London stereotype edition, London: I. Walker and Co.; [], 1822, OCLC 69947324:
      the love of cronies, pets, and favourites
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

pet (third-person singular simple present pets, present participle petting, simple past and past participle petted or (nonstandard) pet)

  1. (transitive) To stroke or fondle (an animal).
  2. (transitive, intransitive, informal) To stroke or fondle (another person) amorously.
  3. (dated, transitive) To treat as a pet; to fondle; to indulge.
    His daughter was petted and spoiled.
  4. (archaic, intransitive) To be a pet.
  5. (archaic, intransitive) To be peevish; to sulk.
    • 1623, Owen Feltham, Resolves: Divine, Moral, Political
      He sure is queasie stomach't that must pet, and puke, at such a trivial circumstance
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pet (not comparable)

  1. Favourite; cherished; the focus of one's (usually positive) attention.
    a pet child
    The professor seemed offended by the criticism of her pet theory.
    • 1886, Frederic Harrison, The Choice of Books
      Some young lady's pet curate.
    • 1875, William Conant Church, The Galaxy, page 141:
      Major Butler has a pet grievance and a pet aversion, which he forces on the reader in every chapter, and which becomes at last very wearisome.
    • 1991, Deborah G. Douglas, United States Women in Aviation, 1940-1985, page 9:
      In an interview with Flying magazine, Heberding commented that her pet annoyance was "the reluctance of people generally to accept a woman whether as a pilot or a preflight inspector."
  2. Kept or treated as a pet.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “pet”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 pet” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 pet”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
  4. ^ Schrijver, Peter (2000), “Non-Indo-European Surviving in Ireland in the First Millennium AD”, in Ériu, volume 51, JSTOR 30008378, pages 195–199

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of petulance.

Noun[edit]

pet (plural pets)

  1. A fit of petulance, a sulk, arising from the impression that one has been offended or slighted.
    • 1848 November – 1850 December, William Makepeace Thackeray, chapter 3, in The History of Pendennis. [], volume (please specify |volume=I or II), London: Bradbury and Evans, [], OCLC 2057953:
      His genius at this time was of a decidedly gloomy cast. He brought his mother a tragedy, in which, though he killed sixteen people before the second act, it made her laugh so, that he thrust the masterpiece into the fire in a pet.
    • 1891, Mary Noailles Murfree, In the "Stranger People's" Country, Nebraska 2005, p. 105:
      There was something ludicrous, even more, unbecoming a gentleman, in leaving a friend's house in a pet, with the host's reproaches sounding in his ears, to be matched only by the bitterness of the guest's sneering retorts.
    • 1922 February, James Joyce, “[Part I, episode 1:]”, in Ulysses, London: The Egoist Press, published October 1922, OCLC 2297483:
      Buck Mulligan sat down in a sudden pet.

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of petition.

Noun[edit]

pet (plural pets)

  1. Abbreviation of petition.

Etymology 4[edit]

Clipping of petal.

Noun[edit]

pet (plural pets)

  1. (Ireland, Tyneside) A term of endearment usually applied to women and children.

References[edit]

  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pēditum. Compare Occitan pet, French pet, Spanish pedo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pet m (plural pets)

  1. (colloquial) fart

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Chuukese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bed.

Noun[edit]

pet

  1. bed
    • 2010, Ewe Kapasen God, United Bible Societies, →ISBN, Luke 5:24, page 110:
      Iwe upwe pwȧr ngeni kemi pwe mi wor an ewe Noun Aramas manamanen omusano tipis won fonufan. Iwe a apasa ngeni ewe mwan mi mwök, 'Upwe erenuk, kopwe uta, kopwe eki om na pet o feinno non imwom!"
      Therefore I will show you that the Son of Man has the power of forgiving sins on earth. So he said to the sick man, 'I tell you, stand, grab your bed and go to your house!"

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pet m (plural petten, diminutive petje n)

  1. cap (headwear with a peak at the front)

Descendants[edit]

  • Caribbean Javanese: pèt
  • Indonesian: pet, peci (from the diminutive)
  • Papiamentu: pèchi, petsje (from the diminutive)

Adjective[edit]

pet (comparative petter, superlative petst)

  1. (slang) bad, crappy

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of pet
uninflected pet
inflected pette
comparative petter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial pet petter het petst
het petste
indefinite m./f. sing. pette pettere petste
n. sing. pet petter petste
plural pette pettere petste
definite pette pettere petste
partitive pets petters

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Papiamentu: pèchi (from the diminutive)

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French pet, inherited from Latin pēditum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pet m (plural pets)

  1. (colloquial) fart
  2. (colloquial, nonstandard) Common apocope for pétard (joint) (pronounced IPA(key): /pɛt/ in singular and plural). Rarely pèt

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pectus.

Noun[edit]

pet m (plural pets)

  1. (anatomy) chest

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch pet, probably from French toupet. Doublet of peci.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɛt̪̚]
  • Hyphenation: pèt

Noun[edit]

pet (plural pet-pet, first-person possessive petku, second-person possessive petmu, third-person possessive petnya)

  1. cap (headwear with a peak at the front)
    Hypernym: topi

Further reading[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

pet m (plural pets)

  1. (vulgar) fart, gas, flatulence

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pet m anim (diminutive pecik)

  1. (colloquial) cigarette butt
    Synonyms: kiep, niedopałek
  2. (colloquial, derogatory) cigarette
    Synonyms: papieros, fajek, szlug

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pet in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pet in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English pet.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pet m (plural pets)

  1. (Brazil, upper class slang) pet (animal kept as a companion)
    Synonyms: animal de estimação (much more common), mascote

See also[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Surmiran) pèz
  • (Sutsilvan) péz

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pectus.

Noun[edit]

pet m (plural pets)

  1. (Puter, Vallader, anatomy) chest, thorax

Related terms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun) sain
  • (Sursilvan) sein
  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) sagn

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Serbo-Croatian numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: pet
    Ordinal: peti
    Multiplier: petostruk
    Collective: petoro
    Fractional: petina

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pętь, from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

pȇt (Cyrillic spelling пе̑т)

  1. five (5)

Slovene[edit]

Slovene numbers
< 4 5 6 >

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pętь, from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

pẹ̑t

  1. five
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

pet

  1. genitive dual/plural of peta

Tày[edit]

Tày cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : pet

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tai *peːtᴰ (eight), from Chinese (MC pˠat̚, “eight”). Cognate with Thai แปด (bpɛ̀ɛt), Lao ແປດ (pǣt), ᦶᦔᧆᧈ (ṗaed1), Tai Dam ꪵꪜꪒ, Shan ပႅတ်ႇ (pèt), Tai Nüa ᥙᥦᥖᥱ (pǎet), Ahom 𑜆𑜢𑜄𑜫 (pit), Bouyei beedt, Zhuang bet.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

pet

  1. eight

Westrobothnian[edit]

Noun[edit]

pet n

  1. bad worker who does not get anything out of his hands completely done