cat

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See also: Cat, CAT, cât, and .cat

English[edit]

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A domestic cat

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English cat, catte, from Old English catt ‎(male cat), catte ‎(female cat), from Proto-Germanic *kattuz, from Late Latin cattus ‎(domestic cat), from Latin catta (used around 75 CE by Martial)[1], from Afro-Asiatic (as in Berber kaddîska 'wildcat'), from Late Egyptian čaute,[2] feminine of čaus 'jungle cat, African wildcat', from earlier Egyptian tešau 'female cat'. Akin to Scots cat, West Frisian kat, North Frisian kåt and kaat, Dutch kat, Danish kat, Norwegian katt, Swedish katt, Low German Katt and Katte, German Katze, Alemannic German Chatz, Icelandic köttur, Afrikaans kat, French chat, Norman cat, Occitan cat, Aromanian cãtush, Scottish Gaelic cat, Irish cat, Welsh cath, Cornish kath, Russian кот ‎(kot), Belarusian кот ‎(kot), Polish kot, Kashubian kòt, Lithuanian katė, Armenian կատու ‎(katu), Basque katu, Hebrew חתול (khatúl), Arabic قطّة (k'ata)

Noun[edit]

cat ‎(plural cats)

  1. An animal of the family Felidae:
    • 2011, Karl Kruszelnicki, Brain Food, ISBN 1466828129, page 53:
      Mammals need two genes to make the taste receptor for sugar. Studies in various cats (tigers, cheetahs and domestic cats) showed that one of these genes has mutated and no longer works.
    1. A domesticated subspecies (Felis silvestris catus) of feline animal, commonly kept as a house pet. [from 8thc.]
      • 1893, Walter Besant, The Ivory Gate, chapter II:
        At twilight in the summer there is never anybody to fear—man, woman, or cat—in the chambers and at that hour the mice come out. They do not eat parchment or foolscap or red tape, but they eat the luncheon crumbs.
    2. Any similar animal of the family Felidae, which includes lions, tigers, bobcats, etc.
  2. A catfish.
    • 1913, Willa Cather, chapter 2, in O Pioneers!:
      She missed the fish diet of her own country, and twice every summer she sent the boys to the river, twenty miles to the southward, to fish for channel cat.
  3. A person.
    1. (offensive) A spiteful or angry woman. [from earlier 13thc.]
    2. An enthusiast or player of jazz.
      • 2008, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds (lyrics and music), “Hold on to Yourself”:
        I turn on the radio / There's some cat on the saxophone / Laying down a litany of excuses
    3. (slang) A person (usually male).
    4. (slang) A prostitute. [from at least early 15thc.]
  4. (nautical) A strong tackle used to hoist an anchor to the cathead of a ship.
  5. (chiefly nautical) Short form of cat-o'-nine-tails.
    • 1839, Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, testimony by Henry L. Pinckney (Assembly No. 335), page 44:
      [] he whipped a black man for disobedience of his orders fifty lashes; and again whipped him with a cat, which he wound with wire, about the same number of stripes; [] he used this cat on one other man, and then destroyed the cat wound with wire.
  6. (slang) Any of a variety of earth-moving machines. (from their manufacturer Caterpillar Inc.)
  7. (archaic) A sturdy merchant sailing vessel (now only in "catboat").
  8. (archaic, uncountable) The game of "trap and ball" (also called "cat and dog").
    1. The trap of the game of "trap and ball".
  9. (slang, vulgar, African American Vernacular) A vagina, a vulva; the female external genitalia.
    • 1969, Iceberg Slim, Pimp: The Story of My Life, Holloway House Publishing:
      "What the hell, so this broad's got a prematurely-gray cat."
    • 2005, Carolyn Chambers Sanders, Sins & Secrets, Hachette Digital:
      As she came up, she tried to put her cat in his face for some licking.
    • 2007, Franklin White, Money for Good, Simon and Schuster, page 64:
      I had a notion to walk over to her, rip her apron off, sling her housecoat open and put my finger inside her cat to see if she was wet or freshly fucked because the dream I had earlier was beginning to really annoy me.
  10. A double tripod (for holding a plate, etc.) with six feet, of which three rest on the ground, in whatever position it is placed.
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

cat ‎(third-person singular simple present cats, present participle catting, simple past and past participle catted)

  1. (nautical, transitive) To hoist (the anchor) by its ring so that it hangs at the cathead.
  2. (nautical, transitive) To flog with a cat-o'-nine-tails.
  3. (slang) To vomit something.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of catamaran.

Noun[edit]

cat ‎(plural cats)

  1. A catamaran.

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviation of catenate.

Noun[edit]

cat ‎(plural cats)

  1. (computing) A program and command in Unix that reads one or more files and directs their content to the standard output.

Verb[edit]

cat ‎(third-person singular simple present cats, present participle catting, simple past and past participle catted)

  1. (computing, transitive) To apply the cat command to (one or more files).
  2. (computing, slang) To dump large amounts of data on (an unprepared target) usually with no intention of browsing it carefully.

Etymology 4[edit]

Possibly a shortened form of catastrophic.

Adjective[edit]

cat ‎(not comparable)

  1. (Ireland, informal) terrible, disastrous.
    The weather was cat, so they returned home early.
Usage notes[edit]

This usage is common in speech but rarely appears in writing.

Etymology 5[edit]

Shortened from methcathinone.

Noun[edit]

cat ‎(uncountable)

  1. (slang) A street name of the drug methcathinone.

Etymology 6[edit]

Shortened from catapult.

Noun[edit]

cat ‎(plural cats)

  1. (military, naval) A catapult.
    a carrier's bow cats

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, s.v. "cat", [html], retrieved on 29 September 2009: [1].
  2. ^ Jean-Paul Savignac, Dictionnaire français-gaulois, s.v. "chat" (Paris: Errance, 2004), 82.

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay cat, from Min Nan ‎(chhat), from Middle Chinese ‎(tsit).

Noun[edit]

cat

  1. paint (substance)

Irish[edit]

Cat

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish catt, from Latin cattus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cat m ‎(genitive singular cait, nominative plural cait)

  1. cat (domestic feline; member of the Felidae)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cat chat gcat
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

cat

  1. rafsi of cartu.

Malay[edit]

cat

Etymology[edit]

From Min Nan ‎(chhat), from Middle Chinese ‎(tsit).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cat ‎(Jawi spelling چت)

  1. paint (substance)

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

cat (plural cats)

  1. cat (feline)

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old Northern French cat (Old French chat) < Late Latin cattus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cat m ‎(plural cats, feminine catte)

  1. cat
    • c. 1830, George Métivier, ‘Lamentations de Damaris’:
      Où'est donc qu'j'iron, mé et mes puches / Ma catte, et l'reste de l'écu?
    • 2006, Peggy Collenette, ‘D'la gâche de Guernési’, P'tites Lures Guernésiaises, Cromwell Press 2006, page 20:
      Ils d'visirent pour enne haeure, mais la Louise était pas chagrinaïe au tour sa pâte, pasqué a savait que le cat était à gardaïr la pâte caoude. (They talked for an hour, but Louise was not worried about her dough, because she knew that the cat was keeping the dough warm.)
  2. (Jersey) common dab (Limanda limanda)

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

cat m ‎(oblique plural caz or catz, nominative singular caz or catz, nominative plural cat)

  1. (Picardy, Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of chat

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Turkish kat.

Noun[edit]

cat n ‎(plural cate)

  1. floor (storey)

Declension[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish catt, from Latin cattus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cat m ‎(genitive singular cait, plural cait)

  1. cat (animal)

Declension[edit]


Derived terms[edit]