nostaa

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *nostadak. Equivalent to nos- +‎ -taa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnostɑːˣ/, [ˈno̞s̠tɑ̝ː(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ostɑː
  • Syllabification(key): nos‧taa

Verb[edit]

nostaa (transitive)

  1. to lift, raise, elevate
    Synonym: kohottaa
  2. to hoist (to raise or lift to a desired elevation, e.g. sails or a flag)
  3. to push up
  4. to draw, withdraw (to extract money from an account)
  5. to take out (loan)
  6. (nautical) to haul (to sail closer to the wind)
    Synonyms: luffata, luuvata
  7. to harvest (something grown underground, such as potatoes)
  8. to fade in
  9. (law) to take legal action
    nostaa kanneto bring proceedings, bring an action, sue
    nostaa syyteto prosecute (start criminal proceedings against)
  10. to release, depress (a pedal, button, etc.)
  11. (card games) to draw (take the top card of a deck into hand)

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of nostaa (Kotus type 53/muistaa, no gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nostan en nosta 1st sing. olen nostanut en ole nostanut
2nd sing. nostat et nosta 2nd sing. olet nostanut et ole nostanut
3rd sing. nostaa ei nosta 3rd sing. on nostanut ei ole nostanut
1st plur. nostamme emme nosta 1st plur. olemme nostaneet emme ole nostaneet
2nd plur. nostatte ette nosta 2nd plur. olette nostaneet ette ole nostaneet
3rd plur. nostavat eivät nosta 3rd plur. ovat nostaneet eivät ole nostaneet
passive nostetaan ei nosteta passive on nostettu ei ole nostettu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nostin en nostanut 1st sing. olin nostanut en ollut nostanut
2nd sing. nostit et nostanut 2nd sing. olit nostanut et ollut nostanut
3rd sing. nosti ei nostanut 3rd sing. oli nostanut ei ollut nostanut
1st plur. nostimme emme nostaneet 1st plur. olimme nostaneet emme olleet nostaneet
2nd plur. nostitte ette nostaneet 2nd plur. olitte nostaneet ette olleet nostaneet
3rd plur. nostivat eivät nostaneet 3rd plur. olivat nostaneet eivät olleet nostaneet
passive nostettiin ei nostettu passive oli nostettu ei ollut nostettu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nostaisin en nostaisi 1st sing. olisin nostanut en olisi nostanut
2nd sing. nostaisit et nostaisi 2nd sing. olisit nostanut et olisi nostanut
3rd sing. nostaisi ei nostaisi 3rd sing. olisi nostanut ei olisi nostanut
1st plur. nostaisimme emme nostaisi 1st plur. olisimme nostaneet emme olisi nostaneet
2nd plur. nostaisitte ette nostaisi 2nd plur. olisitte nostaneet ette olisi nostaneet
3rd plur. nostaisivat eivät nostaisi 3rd plur. olisivat nostaneet eivät olisi nostaneet
passive nostettaisiin ei nostettaisi passive olisi nostettu ei olisi nostettu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. nosta älä nosta 2nd sing.
3rd sing. nostakoon älköön nostako 3rd sing. olkoon nostanut älköön olko nostanut
1st plur. nostakaamme älkäämme nostako 1st plur.
2nd plur. nostakaa älkää nostako 2nd plur.
3rd plur. nostakoot älkööt nostako 3rd plur. olkoot nostaneet älkööt olko nostaneet
passive nostettakoon älköön nostettako passive olkoon nostettu älköön olko nostettu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nostanen en nostane 1st sing. lienen nostanut en liene nostanut
2nd sing. nostanet et nostane 2nd sing. lienet nostanut et liene nostanut
3rd sing. nostanee ei nostane 3rd sing. lienee nostanut ei liene nostanut
1st plur. nostanemme emme nostane 1st plur. lienemme nostaneet emme liene nostaneet
2nd plur. nostanette ette nostane 2nd plur. lienette nostaneet ette liene nostaneet
3rd plur. nostanevat eivät nostane 3rd plur. lienevät nostaneet eivät liene nostaneet
passive nostettaneen ei nostettane passive lienee nostettu ei liene nostettu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st nostaa present nostava nostettava
long 1st1
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st nostaakseni nostaaksemme
2nd nostaaksesi nostaaksenne
3rd nostaakseen
nostaaksensa
past nostanut nostettu
2nd inessive2 nostaessa nostettaessa agent3 nostama
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st nostaessani nostaessamme
2nd nostaessasi nostaessanne
3rd nostaessaan
nostaessansa
negative nostamaton
instructive nostaen 1) Used only with a possessive suffix.

2) Usually with a possessive suffix (active only).
3) Usually with a possessive suffix. Not used with intransitive verbs. Distinct from nouns with the -ma suffix and third infinitive forms.
4) Some uses of the verbal noun are called the 'fourth infinitive' by certain sources (more details).
* The third-person singular indicative form nostaa does not exhibit final gemination,
unlike the first infinitive (the lemma form), even though they are spelled identically.

3rd inessive nostamassa
elative nostamasta
illative nostamaan
adessive nostamalla
abessive nostamatta
instructive nostaman nostettaman
4th4 verbal noun nostaminen
5th1
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st nostamaisillani nostamaisillamme
2nd nostamaisillasi nostamaisillanne
3rd nostamaisillaan
nostamaisillansa

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *nostadak. Cognates include Finnish nostaa and Karelian nostua.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

nostaa

  1. (transitive) to lift, raise
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 51:
      Flakut yllää nostakaa!
      Raise up [your] flags!
  2. (transitive) to wake up; make get up

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of nostaa (type 2/kirjuttaa, st-ss gradation)
Indikativa
Preesens Perfekta
positive negative positive negative
1st singular nossan en nossa 1st singular oon nostant, oon nostanut en oo nostant, en oo nostanut
2nd singular nossat et nossa 2nd singular oot nostant, oot nostanut et oo nostant, et oo nostanut
3rd singular nostaa ei nossa 3rd singular ono nostant, ono nostanut ei oo nostant, ei oo nostanut
1st plural nossamma emmä nossa 1st plural oomma nostaneet emmä oo nostaneet
2nd plural nossatta että nossa 2nd plural ootta nostaneet että oo nostaneet
3rd plural nostaat1), nostavat2), nossetaa evät nossa, ei nosseta 3rd plural ovat nostaneet evät oo nostaneet, ei oo nossettu
impersonal nossetaa ei nosseta impersonal ono nossettu ei oo nossettu
Imperfekta Pluskvamperfekta
positive negative positive negative
1st singular nossin en nostant, en nostanut 1st singular olin nostant, olin nostanut en olt nostant, en olt nostanut
2nd singular nossit et nostant, et nostanut 2nd singular olit nostant, olit nostanut et olt nostant, et olt nostanut
3rd singular nosti ei nostant, ei nostanut 3rd singular oli nostant, oli nostanut ei olt nostant, ei olt nostanut
1st plural nossimma emmä nostaneet 1st plural olimma nostaneet emmä olleet nostaneet
2nd plural nossitta että nostaneet 2nd plural olitta nostaneet että olleet nostaneet
3rd plural nostiit1), nostivat2), nossettii evät nostaneet, ei nossettu 3rd plural olivat nostaneet evät olleet nostaneet, ei olt nossettu
impersonal nossettii ei nossettu impersonal oli nossettu ei olt nossettu
Konditsionala
Preesens Perfekta
positive negative positive negative
1st singular nostaisin en nostais 1st singular olisin nostant, olisin nostanut en olis nostant, en olis nostanut
2nd singular nostaisit, nostaist1) et nostais 2nd singular olisit nostant, olisit nostanut et olis nostant, et olis nostanut
3rd singular nostais ei nostais 3rd singular olis nostant, olis nostanut ei olis nostant, ei olis nostanut
1st plural nostaisimma emmä nostais 1st plural olisimma nostaneet emmä olis nostaneet
2nd plural nostaisitta että nostais 2nd plural olisitta nostaneet että olis nostaneet
3rd plural nostaisiit1), nostaisivat2), nossettais evät nostais, ei nossettais 3rd plural olisivat nostaneet evät olis nostaneet, ei olis nossettu
impersonal nossettais ei nossettais impersonal olis nossettu ei olis nossettu
Imperativa
Preesens Perfekta
positive negative positive negative
1st singular 1st singular
2nd singular nossa elä nossa 2nd singular oo nostant, oo nostanut elä oo nostant, elä oo nostanut
3rd singular nostakoo elköö nostako 3rd singular olkoo nostant, olkoo nostanut elköö olko nostant, elköö olko nostanut
1st plural 1st plural
2nd plural nostakaa elkää nostako 2nd plural olkaa nostaneet elkää olko nostaneet
3rd plural nostakoot elkööt nostako, elköö nossettako 3rd plural olkoot nostaneet elkööt olko nostaneet, elköö olko nossettu
impersonal nossettakkoo elköö nossettako impersonal olkoo nossettu elköö olko nossettu
Potentsiala
Preesens
positive negative
1st singular nostanen en nostane
2nd singular nostanet et nostane
3rd singular nostanoo ei nostane
1st plural nostanemma emmä nostane
2nd plural nostanetta että nostane
3rd plural nostanoot evät nostane, ei nossettane
impersonal nossettannoo ei nossettane
Nominal forms
Infinitivat Partisipat
active passive
1st nostaa present nostava nossettava
2nd inessive nostajees past nostant, nostanut nossettu
instructive nostaen 1) Chiefly in the Soikkola dialect.
2) Chiefly in the Ala-Laukaa dialect.
*) For the imperative, the 2nd plural (nostakaa) may be used for the 3rd person as well.
**) The interrogative is formed by adding the suffix -k (-ka?/-kä?) to the indicative, or -kse to the potential.
***) In folk poetry, a long first infinitive can be formed by adding the suffix -kse, followed by possessive suffixes, to the first infinitive. Note that sometimes gemination may be undone by this addition.
3rd illative nostamaa
inessive nostamaas
elative nostamast
abessive nostamata
4th nominative nostamiin
partitive nostamista, nostamist

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 20
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 346