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From Proto-Finnic *noustak. Cognates include Ingrian noissa, Karelian noussa, Livonian nūzõ, Veps nousta, Votic nõissõ, nõisõ, as well as Estonian tõusma (irregular sound change).


  • IPA(key): /ˈnou̯stɑˣ/, [ˈno̞u̯s̠tɑ̝(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -oustɑ
  • Syllabification(key): nous‧ta


nousta (intransitive)

  1. to rise, get up
    Synonyms: kohota, (reflexive) kohottautua
    Antonym: laskea
    nousta ilmaanto take off, rise up in the air
    nousta ylös kuolleistato rise from the dead, resurrect
    Aurinko nousee aamulla.
    The sun rises in the morning.
    Jumpan jälkeen nouse lattialta varovasti.
    After the workout get carefully up from the floor.
    Esirippu nousee.
    The curtain rises.
    Kuumailmapallo nousi ilmaan.
    The hot-air balloon took off.
    Voiko lentokone nousta ilmaan vain yhdellä moottorilla?
    Can the airplane take off with just one engine?
  2. to rise, increase, go up (by = accusative or adessive)
    Hinta nousi kymmenen euroa / kymmenellä eurolla.
    The price went up (by) ten euro.
  3. to arise, appear
    Synonym: ilmetä
    Juuri esiin nousseiden asioiden takia projekti viivästyy.
    Because of the things that just appeared, the project will be delayed.
  4. to ascend
    Antonym: laskeutua
    nouseva sävelkulku (linguistics)ascending pitch
    Nouse portaat ylös ja käänny oikealle.
    Ascend the stairs and turn right.
    Maija nousi urallaan nopeasti.
    Maija's career ascended rapidly.
  5. to get up (from bed, get out of bed)
    Jos aiot ehtiä kouluun, sinun pitää nousta nyt.
    If you intend to get to school in time you have to get up now.
  6. to embark, to board (+ illative)
    Hän nousi junaan Oulussa ja sen jälkeen häntä ei ole nähty.
    He embarked a train in Oulu and he hasn't been seen thereafter.
  7. to disembark (+ elative)
    Synonyms: jäädä pois, jäädä kyydistä
    Hän nousi junasta Oulussa.
    He disembarked the train in Oulu.
  8. to get better, improve
    Urheilijan kunto nousi paremmaksi kuin viime vuonna.
    The sportman's fitness improved from last year.
    nopeasti noussut elintaso.the rapidly improved standard of living
  9. (informal) to become erect (of a penis)


Inflection of nousta (Kotus type 66/rohkaista, no gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nousen en nouse 1st sing. olen noussut en ole noussut
2nd sing. nouset et nouse 2nd sing. olet noussut et ole noussut
3rd sing. nousee ei nouse 3rd sing. on noussut ei ole noussut
1st plur. nousemme emme nouse 1st plur. olemme nousseet emme ole nousseet
2nd plur. nousette ette nouse 2nd plur. olette nousseet ette ole nousseet
3rd plur. nousevat eivät nouse 3rd plur. ovat nousseet eivät ole nousseet
passive noustaan ei nousta passive on noustu ei ole noustu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nousin en noussut 1st sing. olin noussut en ollut noussut
2nd sing. nousit et noussut 2nd sing. olit noussut et ollut noussut
3rd sing. nousi ei noussut 3rd sing. oli noussut ei ollut noussut
1st plur. nousimme emme nousseet 1st plur. olimme nousseet emme olleet nousseet
2nd plur. nousitte ette nousseet 2nd plur. olitte nousseet ette olleet nousseet
3rd plur. nousivat eivät nousseet 3rd plur. olivat nousseet eivät olleet nousseet
passive noustiin ei noustu passive oli noustu ei ollut noustu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nousisin en nousisi 1st sing. olisin noussut en olisi noussut
2nd sing. nousisit et nousisi 2nd sing. olisit noussut et olisi noussut
3rd sing. nousisi ei nousisi 3rd sing. olisi noussut ei olisi noussut
1st plur. nousisimme emme nousisi 1st plur. olisimme nousseet emme olisi nousseet
2nd plur. nousisitte ette nousisi 2nd plur. olisitte nousseet ette olisi nousseet
3rd plur. nousisivat eivät nousisi 3rd plur. olisivat nousseet eivät olisi nousseet
passive noustaisiin ei noustaisi passive olisi noustu ei olisi noustu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. nouse älä nouse 2nd sing.
3rd sing. nouskoon älköön nousko 3rd sing. olkoon noussut älköön olko noussut
1st plur. nouskaamme älkäämme nousko 1st plur.
2nd plur. nouskaa älkää nousko 2nd plur.
3rd plur. nouskoot älkööt nousko 3rd plur. olkoot nousseet älkööt olko nousseet
passive noustakoon älköön noustako passive olkoon noustu älköön olko noustu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. noussen en nousse 1st sing. lienen noussut en liene noussut
2nd sing. nousset et nousse 2nd sing. lienet noussut et liene noussut
3rd sing. noussee ei nousse 3rd sing. lienee noussut ei liene noussut
1st plur. noussemme emme nousse 1st plur. lienemme nousseet emme liene nousseet
2nd plur. noussette ette nousse 2nd plur. lienette nousseet ette liene nousseet
3rd plur. noussevat eivät nousse 3rd plur. lienevät nousseet eivät liene nousseet
passive noustaneen ei noustane passive lienee noustu ei liene noustu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st nousta present nouseva noustava
long 1st1
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st noustakseni noustaksemme
2nd noustaksesi noustaksenne
3rd noustakseen
past noussut noustu
2nd inessive2 noustessa noustaessa agent3 nousema
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st noustessani noustessamme
2nd noustessasi noustessanne
3rd noustessaan
negative nousematon
instructive nousten 1) Used only with a possessive suffix.

2) Usually with a possessive suffix (active only).
3) Usually with a possessive suffix. Not used with intransitive verbs. Distinct from nouns with the -ma suffix and third infinitive forms.
4) Some uses of the verbal noun are called the 'fourth infinitive' by certain sources (more details).

3rd inessive nousemassa
elative nousemasta
illative nousemaan
adessive nousemalla
abessive nousematta
instructive nouseman noustaman
4th4 verbal noun nouseminen
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st nousemaisillani nousemaisillamme
2nd nousemaisillasi nousemaisillanne
3rd nousemaisillaan

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]




From Proto-Finnic *noustak. Cognates include Finnish nousta.



  1. to rise, to go up
  2. to climb, to ascend
  3. to get up, to rise (from bed)


Inflection of nousta (inflection type 25/purda)
1st infinitive nousta
present indic. nouzeb
past indic. nouzi
1st singular nouzen nouzin
2nd singular nouzed nouzid nouze
3rd singular nouzeb nouzi nouskaha
1st plural nouzem nouzim nouskam
2nd plural nouzet nouzit nouskat
3rd plural noustas
nouziba nouskaha
sing. conneg.1 nouze nouzend nouze
plur. conneg. nouskoi nouznugoi nouskoi
1st singular nouzižin nouznuižin nouznen
2nd singular nouzižid nouznuižid nouzned
3rd singular nouziži nouznuiži nouzneb
1st plural nouzižim nouznuižim nouznem
2nd plural nouzižit nouznuižit nouznet
3rd plural nouzižiba nouznuižiba nouzneba
connegative nouziži nouznuiži nouzne
non-finite forms
1st infinitive nousta
2nd infinitive 3rd infinitive
inessive noustes inessive nouzmas
instructive nousten illative nouzmaha
participles elative nouzmaspäi
present active nouzii adessive nouzmal
past active nouznu abessive nouzmat
past passive noustud
1 In imperative: used only in the second-person singular. The plural form is used with other persons.