increase

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Anglo-Norman encreistre, from Old French, from Latin increscere (increase), present active infinitive of increscō, from in (in, on) + crescō (grow).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (verb): enPR: ĭnkrēs’, IPA(key): /ɪnˈkriːs/
  • (file)
  • (noun): enPR: ĭn'krēs, IPA(key): /ˈɪnkriːs/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːs
  • Hyphenation: in‧crease

Verb[edit]

increase (third-person singular simple present increases, present participle increasing, simple past and past participle increased)

  1. (intransitive, of a quantity) To become larger.
    • Bible, Genesis vii. 17
      The waters increased and bare up the ark.
    • Shakespeare
      The heavens forbid / But that our loves and comforts should increase, / Even as our days do grow!
  2. (transitive) To make (a quantity) larger.
    • 2013 July-August, Fenella Saunders, “Tiny Lenses See the Big Picture”, American Scientist: 
      The single-imaging optic of the mammalian eye offers some distinct visual advantages. Such lenses can take in photons from a wide range of angles, increasing light sensitivity. They also have high spatial resolution, resolving incoming images in minute detail.
  3. To multiply by the production of young; to be fertile, fruitful, or prolific.
    • Sir M. Hale
      Fishes are more numerous of increasing than beasts or birds, as appears by their numerous spawn.
  4. (astronomy) To become more nearly full; to show more of the surface; to wax.
    The Moon increases.

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Noun[edit]

increase (plural increases)

  1. An amount by which a quantity is increased.
    • 2013 July-August, Philip J. Bushnell, “Solvents, Ethanol, Car Crashes & Tolerance”, American Scientist: 
      Surprisingly, this analysis revealed that acute exposure to solvent vapors at concentrations below those associated with long-term effects appears to increase the risk of a fatal automobile accident. Furthermore, this increase in risk is comparable to the risk of death from leukemia after long-term exposure to benzene, another solvent, which has the well-known property of causing this type of cancer.
  2. For a quantity, the act or process of becoming larger
  3. (knitting) The creation of one or more new stitches; see Increase (knitting).

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