From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: réduction
English Wikipedia has an article on:



From Middle English reduccion, a borrowing from Old French reducion, from Latin reductiō, reductiōnem.


  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈdʌkʃən/
  • (file)
  • (Malaysia, Singapore) IPA(key): /ɹiˈdɑk.ʃən/
  • Rhymes: -ʌkʃən
  • Hyphenation: re‧duc‧tion


reduction (countable and uncountable, plural reductions)

  1. The act, process, or result of reducing.
    • 1961 January, “The North-East London electrification of the Great Eastern Line”, in Trains Illustrated, page 18:
      With the cutting out of the previous recovery times for electrification work, curtailment of station times and acceleration, considerable reductions have been made in the overall schedules.
  2. The amount or rate by which something is reduced, e.g. in price.
    A 5% reduction in robberies
  3. (chemistry) A reaction in which electrons are gained and valence is reduced; often by the removal of oxygen or the addition of hydrogen.
  4. (cooking) The process of rapidly boiling a sauce to concentrate it.
  5. (mathematics) The rewriting of an expression into a simpler form.
  6. (computability theory) a transformation of one problem into another problem, such as mapping reduction or polynomial reduction.
  7. (music) An arrangement for a far smaller number of parties, e.g. a keyboard solo based on a full opera.
  8. (philosophy, phenomenology) A philosophical procedure intended to reveal the objects of consciousness as pure phenomena. (See phenomenological reduction.)
  9. (medicine) A medical procedure to restore a fracture or dislocation to the correct alignment, usually with a closed approach but sometimes with an open approach (surgery).
    Synonym: taxis
    Coordinate terms: arthroplasty, arthrodesis
    closed reduction
    open reduction and internal fixation
  10. (paying) A reduced price of something by a fraction or decimal.
  11. (metalworking) The ratio of a material's change in thickness compared to its thickness prior to forging and/or rolling.
    • 2016, Gordon L. Robertson, Food Packaging Principles and Practice, 3rd edition, page 191:
      The final stage of thickness reduction (typically 90% from about 2mm to <0.2mm) is carried out by cold rolling.



Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.