electron

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From electr(ic) + (i)on, originally proposed (by George J.Stoney 1891, changed from electrolion 1881) as the name for the electric charge associated with a univalent ion. Compare electro-, -on. The particle ("corpuscule") was discovered in 1896. The name electrion was proposed for the particle in 1906 but tailed because Hendrik Lorentz preferred electron.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

electron (plural electrons)

  1. (physics) The subatomic particle having a negative charge and orbiting the nucleus; the flow of electrons in a conductor constitutes electricity.
  2. (chemistry, obsolete) Alloys of magnesium and other metals, like aluminum or zinc, that were manufactured by the German company Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron.

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Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

electron (plural electrones)

  1. electron

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

electron m (plural electroni)

  1. electron