electron

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From electr(ic) + (i)on, originally proposed (by George J.Stoney 1891, changed from electrolion 1881) as the name for the electric charge associated with a univalent ion. Compare electro-, -on. The particle ("corpuscule") was discovered in 1896. The name electrion was proposed for the particle in 1906 but tailed because Hendrik Lorentz preferred electron.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

electron (plural electrons)

  1. (physics) The subatomic particle having a negative charge and orbiting the nucleus; the flow of electrons in a conductor constitutes electricity.
  2. (chemistry, obsolete) Alloys of magnesium and other metals, like aluminum or zinc, that were manufactured by the German company Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron.

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Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

electron (plural electrones)

  1. electron

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

electron m (plural electroni)

  1. electron

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French électron

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔɛ˧˧ l̪ɛk̚˧ˀ˦ ṯɕəwŋ͡m˧˧], [ʔe˧˧ l̪ɛk̚˧ˀ˦ ṯɕəwŋ͡m˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɛ˧˧ lɛk̚˦˥ ʈəwŋ͡m˧˧], [ʔej˧˧ lɛk̚˦˥ ʈəwŋ͡m˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɛ˧˧ lʲɛk̚˦ˀ˥ ʈəwŋ͡m˧˧], [ʔej˧˧ lʲɛk̚˦ˀ˥ ʈəwŋ͡m˧˧]
  • Phonetic: e léc trông, ê léc trông

Noun[edit]

electron

  1. an electron