magnesium

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Magnesium and magnésium

English[edit]

Chemical element
Mg
Previous: sodium (Na)
Next: aluminium (Al)

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin magnēsium, from Ancient Greek μαγνησία (magnēsía), after Μαγνησία (Magnēsía, Magnesia), a region in Thessaly. Coined by British chemist Humphry Davy, as a modification of his original suggestion, magnium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) enPR: măgnē'zēəm, IPA(key): /ˌmæɡˈniːzi.əm/
  • (US) enPR: măgnē'zēəm, IPA(key): /ˌmæɡˈnizi.əm/; enPR: măgnē'zhəm, IPA(key): /ˌmæɡˈniʒəm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: mag‧ne‧si‧um

Noun[edit]

magnesium (uncountable)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  1. The chemical element (symbol Mg) with an atomic number of 12. It is a light, easily flammable, silvery-white alkaline earth metal.
    • 1999, Chapter 1 "Barrens" Cryptonomicon by Neal Stephenson
      The building looked only like a wall glowing in the firelight, but sometimes a barrage of magnesium blue light made its windowframes jump out of the darkness.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Chemical element
Mg
Previous: natrium (Na)
Next: aluminium (Al)

Noun[edit]

magnesium (uncountable)

  1. magnesium

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /maɡˈne.sium/, [maʊ̯ˈneˀɕɔm]

Noun[edit]

magnesium n (singular definite magnesiummet, not used in plural form)

  1. (chemistry) magnesium

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl
Chemical element
Mg
Previous: natrium (Na)
Next: aluminium (Al)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from New Latin magnesium. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌmɑxˈneː.zi.ʏm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: mag‧ne‧si‧um

Noun[edit]

magnesium n (uncountable)

  1. magnesium

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑŋne(ː)s(ː)ium/, [ˈmɑŋne̞(ː)ˌs̠(ː)ium]
  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑɡne(ː)s(ː)ium/, [ˈmɑɡne̞(ː)ˌs̠(ː)ium]
  • Rhymes: -ium
  • Syllabification: maŋ‧ne‧si‧um

Noun[edit]

magnesium

  1. magnesium

Declension[edit]

Inflection of magnesium (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative magnesium
genitive magnesiumin
partitive magnesiumia
illative magnesiumiin
singular plural
nominative magnesium
accusative nom. magnesium
gen. magnesiumin
genitive magnesiumin
partitive magnesiumia
inessive magnesiumissa
elative magnesiumista
illative magnesiumiin
adessive magnesiumilla
ablative magnesiumilta
allative magnesiumille
essive magnesiumina
translative magnesiumiksi
instructive
abessive magnesiumitta
comitative
Possessive forms of magnesium (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person magnesiumini magnesiumimme
2nd person magnesiumisi magnesiuminne
3rd person magnesiuminsa

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

magnesium (uncountable)

  1. magnesium

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Form of magnēsius.

Adjective[edit]

magnēsium

  1. nominative neuter singular of magnēsius
  2. accusative masculine singular of magnēsius
  3. accusative neuter singular of magnēsius
  4. vocative neuter singular of magnēsius

Etymology 2[edit]

Substantivization of the neuter form of magnēsius (of or pertaining to the region of Magnesia).

Noun[edit]

magnēsium n (genitive magnēsiī); second declension

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
  1. (New Latin) magnesium (chemical element 12)
    • 1782, D. Laurentius & Gulielmo Huntero, "Nova experimenta Chemica quae ad penitiorem Acidi e Pinguedine eruti cognitionem valere videntur", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Part I, page 28
      Magnesium nitratum nullum converſionem expertum eſt a noſtri acidi admixtione.
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative magnēsium magnēsia
Genitive magnēsiī magnēsiōrum
Dative magnēsiō magnēsiīs
Accusative magnēsium magnēsia
Ablative magnēsiō magnēsiīs
Vocative magnēsium magnēsia
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: magnesium
  • Galician: magnesio
  • Italian: magnesio
  • Portuguese: magnésio
  • Spanish: magnesio

Limburgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [mɑ˧ˈɲeː˨ʒɔ˧m]

Noun[edit]

magnesium n

  1. (uncountable) magnesium
  2. A part of magnesium

Inflection[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms
Chemical element
Mg
Previous: natrium (Na)
Next: aluminium (Al)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English magnesium, from New Latin magnēsium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

magnesium (Jawi spelling مݢنيسيوم)

  1. magnesium (chemical element)

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Norwegian magnesium.

Noun[edit]

magnēsium

  1. magnesium

Inflection[edit]

Odd, no gradation
Nominative magnēsium
Genitive magnēsiuma
Singular Plural
Nominative magnēsium magnēsiumat
Accusative magnēsiuma magnēsiumiid
Genitive magnēsiuma magnēsiumiid
Illative magnēsiumii magnēsiumiidda
Locative magnēsiumis magnēsiumiin
Comitative magnēsiumiin magnēsiumiiguin
Essive magnēsiumin
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person magnēsiuman magnēsiumeamẹ magnēsiumeamẹt
2nd person magnēsiumat magnēsiumeattẹ magnēsiumeattẹt
3rd person magnēsiumis magnēsiumeaskkạ magnēsiumeasẹt

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[1], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From magnesia +‎ -ium

Noun[edit]

magnesium m or n (definite singular magnesiumen or magnesiumet, uncountable)

  1. magnesium, chemical element, symbol Mg

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From magnesia +‎ -ium

Noun[edit]

magnesium m or n (definite singular magnesiumen or magnesiumet, uncountable)

  1. magnesium, chemical element, symbol Mg

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

magnesium n (uncountable)

  1. magnesium

Declension[edit]

Declension of magnesium 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative magnesium magnesiumet
Genitive magnesiums magnesiumets
Declension of magnesium 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative magnesium magnesiet
Genitive magnesiums magnesiets