atom

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Atom, atóm, àtom, and atom-

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

A stylized representation of a Lithium atom using a Rutherford model.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French athome, from Latin atomus ‎(smallest particle), from Ancient Greek ἄτομος ‎(átomos, indivisible), from ἀ- ‎(a-, not) +‎ τέμνω ‎(témnō, I cut).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

atom ‎(plural atoms)

  1. (now historical) The smallest medieval unit of time, equal to fifteen ninety-fourths of a second. [from 10th c.]
  2. (history of science) A hypothetical particle posited by Greek philosophers as an ultimate and indivisible component of matter. [from 15th c.]
  3. (physics, chemistry) The smallest possible amount of matter which still retains its identity as a chemical element, now known to consist of a nucleus surrounded by electrons. [from 16th c.]
    A molecule is a close combination of atoms.
    • 2013 September-October, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, in American Scientist:
      Oxygen levels on Earth skyrocketed 2.4 billion years ago, when cyanobacteria evolved photosynthesis: [] . The evolutionary precursor of photosynthesis is still under debate, and a new study sheds light. The critical component of the photosynthetic system is the “water-oxidizing complex”, made up of manganese atoms and a calcium atom.
  4. A mote of dust in a sunbeam. [from 16th c.]
  5. The smallest, indivisible constituent part or unit of something. (Now generally interpreted as a figurative use of the physics sense, above.) [from 17th c.]
  6. A very small amount (of something immaterial); a whit. [from 17th c.]
    • 1873, Isabella Macdonald Alden (as "Pansy"), Three People, Western Tract and Book Society (1873), page 325:
      "I have hardly the faintest atom of hope," answered this honest, earnest man.
    • 1945, George Orwell, Animal Farm, chapter 1
      [] those of us who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength
  7. (mathematics) A non-zero member of a Boolean algebra that is not a union of any other elements. [from 20th c.]
  8. (computing, programming, Lisp) An individual number or symbol, as opposed to a list. A scalar value.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

atom m

  1. (physics) atom

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • atom in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • atom in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /atoːm/, [aˈtˢoːˀm]

Noun[edit]

atom n (singular definite atomet, plural indefinite atomer)

  1. atom

Inflection[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English atom, from Ancient Greek ἄτομος ‎(átomos, indivisible), from ἀ- ‎(a-, not) + τέμνω ‎(témnō, I cut).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɒtom/
  • Hyphenation: atom

Noun[edit]

atom ‎(plural atomok)

  1. atom

Declension[edit]

Inflection (plural in -ok, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative atom atomok
accusative atomot atomokat
dative atomnak atomoknak
instrumental atommal atomokkal
causal-final atomért atomokért
translative atommá atomokká
terminative atomig atomokig
essive-formal atomként atomokként
essive-modal
inessive atomban atomokban
superessive atomon atomokon
adessive atomnál atomoknál
illative atomba atomokba
sublative atomra atomokra
allative atomhoz atomokhoz
elative atomból atomokból
delative atomról atomokról
ablative atomtól atomoktól
Possessive forms of atom
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. atomom atomjaim
2nd person sing. atomod atomjaid
3rd person sing. atomja atomjai
1st person plural atomunk atomjaink
2nd person plural atomotok atomjaitok
3rd person plural atomjuk atomjaik

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi István, Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára. Tinta Könyvkiadó, Budapest, 2005, ISBN 963 7094 20 2

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English atom, from Old French atome, from Latin atomus, from Ancient Greek ἄτομος ‎(átomos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

atom

  1. (physics) atom (physics: smallest possible amount of matter retaining its chemical properties)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek "atomos"

Noun[edit]

atom n ‎(definite singular atomet, indefinite plural atom or atomer, definite plural atoma or atomene)

  1. an atom

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek "atomos"

Noun[edit]

atom n ‎(definite singular atomet, indefinite plural atom, definite plural atoma)

  1. an atom

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

atom m inan

  1. (physics) atom

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • atom in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

atom m ‎(plural atomi)

  1. atom
Declension[edit]

External links[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἄτομος ‎(átomos).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǎtoːm/
  • Hyphenation: a‧tom

Noun[edit]

àtōm m ‎(Cyrillic spelling а̀то̄м)

  1. atom

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • atom” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

atom c

  1. atom; the smallest particle to retain the properties of the element
  2. (historical) atom; the theoretically smallest possible particle

Declension[edit]

Inflection of atom 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative atom atomen atomer atomerna
Genitive atoms atomens atomers atomernas

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French atome.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

atom ‎(definite accusative atomu, plural atomlar)

  1. (physics) atom

Declension[edit]