ذرة

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See also: ذرہ‎, ذره‎, درہ‎, درة, and دره

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ذ ر ر(ḏ-r-r). Related to the verb ذَرَّ(ḏarra, to strew, to scatter).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذَرَّة (ḏarraf (singulative, collective ذَرّ‎ m (ḏarr), paucal ذَرَّات(ḏarrāt))

  1. tiny particle, speck, mote
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 4:40:
      إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ وَإِنْ تَكُ حَسَنَةً يُضَاعِفْهَا
      ʾinna l-laha lā yaẓlimu miṯqāla ḏarratin waʾin taku ḥasanatan yuḍāʿifhā
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (physics, chemistry) atom
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ذر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ذ ر و(ḏ-r-w) or ذ ر ي(ḏ-r-y)? Compare ذَرَا(ḏarā, to scatter, to blow away), also spelled ذَرَى(ḏarā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذُرَة (ḏuraf (collective, singulative ذُرَة f (ḏura))

  1. durra, Indian millet (Sorghum bicolor)
  2. maize, durum corn, Indian corn (Zea mays)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ذرو”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ذري”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic ذُرَة(ḏura).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dura/ (traditional pronunciation)
    • IPA(key): /ðura/ (spelling pronunciation)

Noun[edit]

ذرة (duraf (collective, singulative ذرة (dura))

  1. maize, corn
    Synonym: حبش(ḥabaš)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic ذَرَّة(ḏarra).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zarːa/ (traditional pronunciation)
    • IPA(key): /ðarːa/ (spelling pronunciation)

Noun[edit]

ذرة (ḏarraf (plural ذرات(ḏarrāt))

  1. atom
  2. tiny particle, speck, mote

Usage notes[edit]

Both traditional and spelling pronunciations are used by most speakers interchangeably.