durum

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See also: dürüm

English[edit]

Durum wheat (Triticum durum)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin dūrum, nominative neuter singular of dūrus (hard). Doublet of dour and dure.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

durum (usually uncountable, plural durums)

  1. (often used attributively) Ellipsis of durum wheat
    durum pasta
    durum bread
    • 1933 October, Glenn S. Smith, J. Allen Clark, Inheritance of Stem-Rust reaction and Correlation of Characters in Pentad, Nodak, and Akrona Durum-Wheat Crosses, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 385, page 2,
      Much has been done in crossing Triticum durum Desf. and T. vulgare Vill.2 in an attempt to produce common wheats that are as resistant to stem rust as are the durums.
    • 2003 October, Commission staff, Durum and Hard Red Spring Wheat From Canada, U.S. International Trade Commission, Publication 3639, page V-5,
      The Minneapolis Grain Exchange stated that durum is a small volume commodity with very specific uses. The durum futures contract traded sporadically for several years, and the Exchange declared the durum futures market dormant after there were no trades and no open interest in any futures contracts.
    • 2012, Ruby Parker Puckett, Foodservice Manual for Health Care Institutions, Wiley (Jossey-Bass), 4th Edition, page 397,
      Water is added to a mixture of durum meal or flour, semolina, and farina to make dough that is forced through dies to make tubular macaroni products and cord-like spaghetti.

Translations[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From dur (to stand) +‎ -um. The sense 'situation' may be a semantic borrowing from Turkish durum.

Noun[edit]

durum (definite accusative durumu, plural)[1][2]

  1. firmness, steadfastness
    Synonyms: davam, dözüm, tab, səbat
  2. tenacity, endurance
    Synonyms: davamlılıq, möhkəmlik
  3. nutritional value
    Synonyms: doyumluluq, qidalılıq
  4. abutment, pier
  5. standing
    Synonym: dayanacaq
  6. hard and fine sand or soil
  7. situation
    Synonym: vəziyyət
  8. condition
    Synonym: hal

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tağıyev M. T. et al., editors (2006) , “durum”, in Azərbaycanca-rusca lüğət [Azerbaijani–Russian Dictionary], volume I, Baku: Şərq-Qərb, page 861b
  2. ^ Orucov, Əliheydər, editor (2006) , “durum”, in Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti [Explanatory Dictionary of the Azerbaijani Language] (in Azerbaijani), volume I, Baku: Şərq-Qərb, page 708b

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dūrum

  1. nominative neuter singular of dūrus

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

durum (definite accusative durumu, plural durumlar)

  1. situation; status, condition

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative durum
Definite accusative durumu
Singular Plural
Nominative durum durumlar
Definite accusative durumu durumları
Dative duruma durumlara
Locative durumda durumlarda
Ablative durumdan durumlardan
Genitive durumun durumların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular durumum durumlarım
2nd singular durumun durumların
3rd singular durumu durumları
1st plural durumumuz durumlarımız
2nd plural durumunuz durumlarınız
3rd plural durumları durumları

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]