hal

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See also: Hal, HAL, hâl, hál, hàl, häl, hål, and hæl

Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic һал
Roman hal
Perso-Arabic حال

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Arabic حَال(ḥāl).

Noun[edit]

hal (definite accusative halı, plural hallar)

  1. state of being or state of mind
  2. (grammar) case
    Azərbaycan dilində ismin 6 halı var.Nouns have 6 [grammatical] cases in Azerbaijani.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Burushaski[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hal (plural haljo)

  1. fox

References[edit]

Sadaf Munshi (2015), “Word Lists”, in Burushaski Language Documentation Project[1]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old Norse hǫll (large living room)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hal c (singular definite hallen, plural indefinite haller)

  1. hall
  2. sports centre
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See hale.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hal

  1. imperative of hale

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch halle, from Old Dutch *halla, from Proto-Germanic *hallō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to hide, cover, conceal). Cognate with Low German Hall, German Halle, English hall, Danish hall.

Noun[edit]

hal f (plural hallen, diminutive halletje n)

  1. hall, hallway
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

hal n (plural hallen, diminutive halletje n)

  1. frozen ground

Haida[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

hal

  1. he, she, it (3rd person singular personal pronoun, weak-A or weak-B)
  2. his, her, its, their (3rd person possessive pronoun, weak-B)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Weak pronouns are placed right before the verb; strong pronouns are placed at the start of the sentence (focus position) and are followed by the focus marker uu.
  • Some Haida verbs use pronouns from set A, while other verbs need pronouns from set B.
See also[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒl]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hal

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *kala. Cognates include Khanty and Mansi хул (χul), Finnish and Estonian kala.[1][2]

Noun[edit]

hal (plural halak)

  1. fish
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative hal halak
accusative halat halakat
dative halnak halaknak
instrumental hallal halakkal
causal-final halért halakért
translative hallá halakká
terminative halig halakig
essive-formal halként halakként
essive-modal
inessive halban halakban
superessive halon halakon
adessive halnál halaknál
illative halba halakba
sublative halra halakra
allative halhoz halakhoz
elative halból halakból
delative halról halakról
ablative haltól halaktól
Possessive forms of hal
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. halam halaim
2nd person sing. halad halaid
3rd person sing. hala halai
1st person plural halunk halaink
2nd person plural halatok halaitok
3rd person plural haluk halaik
Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *kale- (to die). Cognates include Mansi хо̄луӈкве (xōluŋkwe) and Finnish kuolla.

Verb[edit]

hal

  1. (intransitive) to die (to stop living; to become dead)
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

(Compound words):

(Expressions):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #228 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

hal

  1. indefinite accusative singular of halur
  2. indefinite dative singular of halur

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic حَال(ḥāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hal

  1. circumstance, state, condition
  2. affair, problem, case
  3. cause

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hal

  1. second-person singular imperative of halen

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hailaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole, intact, well-omened). Cognate with Old Frisian hēl (West Frisian hiel), Old Saxon hēl (Low German hel, heel, heil) Dutch heel, geheel (healthy), Old High German heil (German heil (healthy)), Old Norse heill (Danish and Swedish hel (whole)), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌻𐍃 (hails), Vandalic eils. The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Old Church Slavonic целъ (celŭ) (Russian целый (celyj, whole, healthy)), Ancient Greek κοῖλυ (koîlu, goodness, beauty), Welsh coel (sign).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hāl

  1. sound, healthy, intact
    Iosep axode hwæðer hira fæder wære hal. Joseph asked whether their father were well. (Genesis)
  2. whole, undivided

Declension[edit]

Weak Strong
case singular plural case singular plural
m n f m n f m n f
nominative hāla hāle hāle hālan nom. hāl hāle hāl hāla, -e
accusative hālan hāle hālan acc. hālne hāl hāle hāle hāl hāla, -e
genitive hālan hālra, hālena gen. hāles hāles hālre hālra
dative hālan hālum dat. hālum hālum hālre hālum
instrumental hāle

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hal f

  1. genitive plural of hala

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hal (comparative halare, superlative halast)

  1. slippery

Declension[edit]

Inflection of hal
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular hal halare halast
Neuter singular halt halare halast
Plural hala halare halast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 hale halare halaste
All hala halare halaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /hɑlʲ/
  • Hyphenation: hal

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French halle.

Noun[edit]

hal

  1. covered market
    Can halden 3 kilo elma aldı.
    Can bought 3 kilos of apple from the covered marked

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative hal
Definite accusative hali
Singular Plural
Nominative hal haller
Definite accusative hali halleri
Dative hale hallere
Locative halde hallerde
Ablative halden hallerden
Genitive halin hallerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular halim hallerim
2nd singular halin hallerin
3rd singular hali halleri
1st plural halimiz hallerimiz
2nd plural haliniz halleriniz
3rd plural halleri halleri

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic حَلّ(ḥall).

Noun[edit]

hal

  1. solution
    Meselinin hallini üzerine aldı.
    [He/She/It] took the solution of the issue on [him/her/it]self.
    Synonym: çözüm

Usage notes[edit]

  • Not to be confused with hâl (situation or grammar case)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative hal
Definite accusative halli
Singular Plural
Nominative hal haller
Definite accusative halli halleri
Dative halle hallere
Locative halde hallerde
Ablative halden hallerden
Genitive hallin hallerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular hallim hallerim
2nd singular hallin hallerin
3rd singular halli halleri
1st plural hallimiz hallerimiz
2nd plural halliniz halleriniz
3rd plural halleri halleri

Westrobothnian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hal

  1. Alternative form of hahl

Verb[edit]

hal

  1. To pull firmly.

Alternative forms[edit]


Zazaki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic.

Noun[edit]

hal

  1. state, condition
  2. (grammar) case