kala

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See also: kála, kalā, kālā, Kala, and Kalā

Albanian[edit]

Albanian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sq

Kalaja në Krujë - Krujë Castle

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kala f (indefinite plural kala, definite singular kalaja)

  1. castle, fortress



Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kala

  1. Romanization of ᬓᬮ

Chamicuro[edit]

Noun[edit]

kala

  1. nothing

Adverb[edit]

kala

  1. no, not

Cornish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kala

  1. straw (collective)

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kala, from Proto-Uralic *kala. Cognates include Northern Sami guolli, Ter Sami kɨll'e ‎(fish), and Hungarian hal.

Noun[edit]

kala ‎(genitive kala, partitive kala)

  1. fish

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fi

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic [Term?] *kala, from Proto-Uralic [Term?] *kala. Cognates include Northern Sami guolli, Ter Sami kɨll'e ‎(fish), and Hungarian hal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kala

  1. fish
    Hauki on kala.
    A pike is a fish.
  2. (collectively) fish
    Tässä järvessä on paljon kalaa.
    There's lots of fish in this lake.
  3. fish
    Syön usein kalaa.
    I often eat fish.
  4. (idiomatic) fishing (as a personal activity, used with the verbs olla ‎(to be) and mennä ‎(to go), lähteä ‎(to leave), and käydä ‎(to go and come back))
    olla kalassa
    to go fishing
    käydä kalassa
    to go fishing
    mennä kalaan
    to go fishing
    lähteä kalaan
    to go fishing
    lähteä kalalle
    to go fishing
    Käytkö usein kalassa?
    Do you often go fishing?
  5. seafood
    Mennään kalaravintolaan.
    Let's go to a seafood restaurant.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kala (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kala kalat
genitive kalan kalojen
partitive kalaa kaloja
illative kalaan kaloihin
singular plural
nominative kala kalat
accusative nom. kala kalat
gen. kalan
genitive kalan kalojen
kalainrare
partitive kalaa kaloja
inessive kalassa kaloissa
elative kalasta kaloista
illative kalaan kaloihin
adessive kalalla kaloilla
ablative kalalta kaloilta
allative kalalle kaloille
essive kalana kaloina
translative kalaksi kaloiksi
instructive kaloin
abessive kalatta kaloitta
comitative kaloineen

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kala.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kala ‎(strong verb, third-person singular past indicative kól, third-person plural past indicative kólu, supine kalið)

  1. (impersonal) to become frostbitten
    Mig kól á tám.
    My toes became frostbitten.

Conjugation[edit]


Related terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay kala, from Sanskrit काल ‎(kāla, time).

Noun[edit]

kala

  1. epoch (particular period of history)
  2. time (inevitable passing of events)
  3. time (quantity of availability in time)
  4. time (time of day, as indicated by a clock, etc)
  5. time (particular moment or hour)
  6. time (measurement under some system of the time of day or moment in time)
  7. time (numerical indication of a particular moment in time)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kala

  1. scorpion

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kala, from Proto-Uralic *kala

Noun[edit]

kala ‎(genitive kalan, partitive kallaa)

  1. fish

Declension[edit]


Javanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Javanese kāla, borrowing from Sanskrit काल ‎(kāla, period of time).

Noun[edit]

kala ‎(Javanese script ꦏꦭ)

  1. time
  2. season

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Javanese kalā and kala

Noun[edit]

kala ‎(Javanese script ꦏꦭ)

  1. bird noose or snare

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Javanese kala

Noun[edit]

kala ‎(Javanese script ꦏꦭ)

  1. stinging animal
  2. scorpion

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old Javanese kala, possibly borrowing from Sanskrit खल ‎(khala, mischievous man).

Noun[edit]

kala ‎(Javanese script ꦏꦭ)

  1. evil
  2. demon

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kala, from Proto-Uralic *kala. Cognates include Northern Sami guolli, Ter Sami kɨll'e ‎(fish), and Hungarian hal.

Noun[edit]

kala ‎(genitive kalan, partitive kalua)

  1. fish

Declension[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

kala

  1. 3rd person singular past indicative form of kalt
  2. 3rd person plural past indicative form of kalt

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit काल ‎(kāla, time).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kala

  1. time (inevitable passing of events)
  2. time (quantity of availability in time)
  3. time (time of day, as indicated by a clock, etc)
  4. time (particular moment or hour)
  5. time (measurement under some system of the time of day or moment in time)
  6. time (numerical indication of a particular moment in time)

Synonyms[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kala, from Proto-Uralic *kala.

Noun[edit]

kala

  1. fish

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of kala
nominative sing. kala
genitive sing. kalan
partitive sing. kalad
partitive plur. kaloid
singular plural
nominative kala kalad
accusative kalan kalad
genitive kalan kaloiden
partitive kalad kaloid
essive-instructive kalan kaloin
translative kalaks kaloikš
inessive kalas kaloiš
elative kalaspäi kaloišpäi
illative  ? kaloihe
adessive kalal kaloil
ablative kalalpäi kaloilpäi
allative kalale kaloile
abessive kalata kaloita
comitative kalanke kaloidenke
prolative kaladme kaloidme
approximative I kalanno kaloidenno
approximative II kalannoks kaloidennoks
egressive kalannopäi kaloidennopäi
terminative I  ? kaloihesai
terminative II kalalesai kaloilesai
terminative III kalassai
additive I  ? kaloihepäi
additive II kalalepäi kaloilepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “рыба”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kala, from Proto-Uralic *kala.

Noun[edit]

kala ‎(genitive kalaa, partitive kalaa)

  1. fish

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]

  • "kala" in Vadja keele sõnaraamat

Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kala, from Proto-Uralic *kala.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

kala ‎(genitive kala, partitive kalla)

  1. fish

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Zigula[edit]

Verb[edit]

kala

  1. to hunt

Descendants[edit]

  • Mbugu: kala

References[edit]

  • Maarten Mous, The Making of a Mixed Language: The Case of Ma'a/Mbugu