kell

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare caul.

Noun[edit]

kell ‎(plural kells)

  1. (obsolete) The caul.
  2. (obsolete, figuratively) That which covers or envelops, like a caul; a net; a fold; a film.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher
      I'll have him cut to the kell.
  3. (obsolete) The cocoon or chrysalis of an insect.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kell ‎(plural kells)

  1. A kiln.

Etymology 3[edit]

A modification of kale.

Noun[edit]

kell ‎(uncountable)

  1. A sort of pottage; kale.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ainsworth to this entry?)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Breton[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin cōleus ‎(testicle) (compare Cornish kell, Welsh caill).

Noun[edit]

kell f ‎(plural kelloù, dual divgell)

  1. testicle

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin cella (compare Old Irish cell).

Noun[edit]

kell f ‎(plural kelloù or killi)

  1. cell (of prisoner, monk):

Mutation[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [kɛlː]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [kɛlʰ]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin cōleus ‎(testicle) (compare Breton kell, Welsh caill).

Noun[edit]

kell f ‎(dual diwgell, plural kellow or kellyow)

  1. testicle

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin cella (compare Old Irish cell).

Noun[edit]

kell f ‎(plural kellow or kellyow)

  1. cell

Mutation[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Swedish skälla.

Noun[edit]

kell ‎(genitive kella, partitive kella)

  1. clock
  2. bell

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *kelke- ‎(to be necessary, need to, must, be obligatory). [1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kell

  1. must, need to, have to (used to express need or having to do something)
    Ezt látnod kell.‎ ― You have to / need to / must see it.
  2. to be needed
    'Kell nekem az a ház.‎ ― I need that house.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #281 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From kien ‎(he was) + l- ‎(to)

Verb[edit]

kellu ‎(imperfect ikoll)

  1. he had (possession; functional past of għand)
  2. he had to (obligation (with following verb))

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The inflection of this verbal form is akin to a defective verb (in the third person singular) followed by object pronoun affixes.
When referring to possession, the inflected form is followed by a noun:
Kelli ktieb -- I had a book
When meaning "had to", each inflected form is followed by a corresponding conjugated form of the sense verb in the imperfective:
Kellna niġu -- We had to go

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]