not

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English not, nat, variant of noght, naht (not, nothing), from Old English *nōht, nāht (nought, nothing), short for nōwiht, nāwiht (nothing, literally not anything), corresponding to ne (not) + ōwiht, āwiht (anything), corresponding to ā (ever, always) + wiht (thing, creature).

Cognate with Scots nat, naucht (not), Saterland Frisian nit (not), West Frisian net (not), Dutch niet (not), German nicht (not). Compare nought, naught and aught. More at no, wight, whit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

not (not comparable)

  1. Negates the meaning of the modified verb.
    ‘Do they know?’ ‘I believe not (formal)
    Did you take out the trash? No, I did not.
    Not knowing any better, I went ahead.
  2. To no degree.
    That is not red; it's green.
  3. (understatement, litotes) Used to indicate the opposite or near opposite, often in a form of understatement.
    That day was not the best day of my life.
    It was not my favorite movie of all time.
    In the not too distant future my view on the matter might be not a million miles away from yours.

Usage notes[edit]

In modern usage, do-support requires that the form do not ... (or don’t ...) be preferred to ... not for all but a short list of verbs (be, have, can, shall, will, would, may, must, need, ought):

  • They do not sow. (modern) vs. They sow not. (KJB)

American usage tends to prefer don’t have or haven’t got to have not or haven’t, except when have is used as an auxiliary (or in the idiom have-not):

  • I don’t have a clue or I haven’t got a clue. (US)
  • I haven’t a clue or I haven’t got a clue. (outside US)
  • I haven’t been to Spain. (universal)

The verb need is only directly negated when used as an auxiliary, and even this usage is rare, especially in the US.

  • You don’t need to trouble yourself. (common)
  • You needn’t trouble yourself. (outside US, rare)
  • I don’t need any eggs today. (universal)

The verb dare can sometimes be directly negated.

  • I daren't do that.

The verb do, as a main verb, takes do not.

  • He does not do that.

In the imperative, all verbs, including be, take do not.

  • Don't do that.
  • Don't be silly. (not *Be not silly.)

In the infinitive, verbs must be negated directly. In this case not cannot appear after the verb; some authorities recommend placing it before to to avoid a split infinitive, but for most speakers the forms not to do and to not do are more or less interchangeable, with the latter being mostly informal.

  • The objective is not to lose or The objective is to not lose.
  • I wanted not to go or I wanted to not go. (Note the difference between this and I didn't want to go, where want is the verb being negated.)

In the subjunctive mood, do-support is not used for negation; not is placed by itself, or with should, immediately before the verb it modifies, even be:

  • They suggested that he (should) not do it.
  • The law requires that it (should) not be done.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

not

  1. And not.
    I wanted a plate of shrimp, not a bucket of chicken.
    He painted the car blue and black, not solid purple.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The construction “A, not B” is synonymous with the constructions “A, and not B”; “not B, but A”; and “not B, but rather A”.

Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

not!

  1. (slang, 1990s) Used to indicate that the previous phrase was meant sarcastically or ironically.
    I really like hanging out with my little brother watching Barney... not!
    Sure, you're perfect the way you are... not!

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

not (plural nots)

  1. Alternative letter-case form of NOT

Usage notes[edit]

Boolean operators and states are commonly written in all uppercase in order to distinguish them from the ordinary uses of the words.

Translations[edit]

Contraction[edit]

not

  1. (obsolete) Contraction of ne wot; not to know.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • not at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From notoj.

Noun[edit]

not m

  1. swim

Related terms[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Greek νότος (nótos).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

not m

  1. dry wind from the south

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

not

  1. Alternative form of anot to swim

Etymology 3[edit]

From anot (I swim). Compare Italian nuoto, Portuguese nado.

Noun[edit]

not m

  1. swim, swimming

Synonyms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Nut.

Noun[edit]

not c (singular definite noten, plural indefinite noter)

  1. (mechanics) A groove.
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

From Norwegian not.

Noun[edit]

not c or n (singular definite noten or notet, plural indefinite noter or not)

  1. (fishing) seine net
    Synonym: snurpenot
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

not

  1. imperative of note

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

not n pl (plurale tantum)

  1. use

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch noot, from Middle Dutch note, from Old French note, from Latin nota. Doublet of nota.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnɔt/
  • Hyphenation: not

Noun[edit]

not

  1. (music) note, a character, variously formed, to indicate the length of a tone, and variously placed upon the staff to indicate its pitch.
    Synonym: titi nada

Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

not

  1. strong/weak nominative/accusative neuter singular of no

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Reduction of nought (from Old English nāwiht, nōwiht).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

not

  1. not (negates the accompanying verb)
    Þei ne bileveden hire not.They didn't believe her.
  2. not (to no degree, extent, or way)
    Þou art not weyke.You aren't weak.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: not
  • Scots: nat (obsolete)
  • Yola: nat

References[edit]

Noun[edit]

not (uncountable)

  1. nothing, nought
  2. (rare) nobody, no person

Descendants[edit]

  • English: not
  • Scots: nat (obsolete)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse nót.[1]

Noun[edit]

not f (definite singular nota, indefinite plural nøter, definite plural nøtene)

  1. Alternative spelling of nót

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German.[1]

Noun[edit]

not f (definite singular nota, indefinite plural noter, definite plural notene)

  1. Alternative spelling of nót

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

not

  1. (dialectal, Trøndelag and Northern Norway) Apocopic form of note

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 “not” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • nōt

Etymology[edit]

From Latin nota.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

not m (nominative plural notas)

  1. a sign; mark; a mark made on an object

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse nót, from Proto-Germanic *nōtō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nōt f

  1. net, seine

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) notg

Etymology[edit]

From Latin noctem, accusative of nox, from Proto-Indo-European *nókʷts.

Noun[edit]

not f (plural nots)

  1. (Puter, Vallader) night

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

not m (genitive singular not, plural notaichean)

  1. Alternative form of nota

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French note (noun), noter (verb), both from Latin nota.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

not c

  1. (music) note.
  2. a short message; note.
  3. (diplomacy) a formal message from a country to another country’s embassy.

Declension[edit]

Declension of not 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative not noten noter noterna
Genitive nots notens noters noternas

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

not c

  1. seine

Declension[edit]

Declension of not 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative not noten notar notarna
Genitive nots notens notars notarnas

Anagrams[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English North.

Noun[edit]

not

  1. North

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French note.

Noun[edit]

not (definite accusative notu, plural notlar)

  1. a short message; note
    Not: Seni seviyorum.PS: I love you.

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative not
Definite accusative notu
Singular Plural
Nominative not notlar
Definite accusative notu notları
Dative nota notlara
Locative notta notlarda
Ablative nottan notlardan
Genitive notun notların