아니다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Native Korean word, first recorded in the Seokbo sangjeol, 1447, as 아니다 (anida). Contraction of 아니 (ani, “not”) and 이다 (ida, “to be”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[a̠nida̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? anida
Revised Romanization (translit.)? anida
McCune–Reischauer? anida
Yale Romanization? anita

Adjective[edit]

아니다 (anida) (infinitive 아녀 or 아니어, sequential 아니니)

  1. to be not (something)
    사람은 짐승이 아니다.
    Saram-eun jimseung-i anida.
    People are not animals.

Usage notes[edit]

아니다 (anida) is the Korean negative copula. Along with its positive, 이다 (ida), it is often categorized as a Korean adjective, but often placed in their own grammatical category distinct from both verbs and adjectives. Unlike 이다 (ida), 아니다 (anida) is not appended to the preceding word, but written after an intervening space.

아니다 (anida) and 되다 (doeda) are the only two Korean words that take a subjective complement, which is marked with case marker /.

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • 있다 (itda, “to exist”)
  • 없다 (eopda, “not to exist”)