사람

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean 사〯ᄅᆞᆷ (Yale: sǎlòm).

In Middle Korean, 사〯ᄅᆞᆷ (Yale: sǎlòm) was a derived substantive of 살〯다〮 (Yale: sǎl-tá, "to live") with ᄋᆞᆷ (Yale: -om, nominalizer) (> modern (eum)), and thus literally meant "one who is alive".[1] It is no longer perceived as a derived noun by modern speakers.

Doublet of (sam, life) and 살음 (sareum, having lived).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈsʰa̠(ː)ɾa̠m]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?saram
Revised Romanization (translit.)?salam
McCune–Reischauer?saram
Yale Romanization?sālam
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 사 / 사

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the second syllable, and also heightens the subsequent suffixed syllable.

Noun[edit]

사람 (saram)

  1. human being, person
    그러면 어떤 사람 되는 겠어?
    Geureomyeon naega eotteon sarami doeneun geogesseo?
    What kind of person would I be then?
    영국 사람
    Yeongguk saram
    A British person
    미국 사람
    Miguk saram
    An American person
    Synonym: 인간(人間) (in-gan, human being)
  2. (law) a person (encompassing both legal and natural persons)
    Synonym: 인(人) (in)
    Hyponyms: 법인(法人) (beobin, legal person), 자연인(自然人) (jayeonin, natural person)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Counter[edit]

사람 (saram)

  1. counter for people
    학생 사람haksaeng se saramthree students
    Synonym: 명(名) (myeong)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lee, Ki-Moon; Ramsey, S. Robert (2011) A History of the Korean Language, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 176