senior

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See also: Senior, sénior, and sênior

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin senior (older), comparative form of senex (old); see senate.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

senior (comparative more senior, superlative most senior)

  1. Older; superior
    senior citizen
  2. Higher in rank, dignity, or office.
    senior member; senior counsel
  3. (US) Of or pertaining to a student's final academic year at a high school (twelfth grade) or university.

Antonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

senior (plural seniors)

  1. Someone seen as deserving respect or reverence because of their age. [from 14th c.]
  2. (obsolete, biblical) An elder or presbyter in the early Church. [14th-16th c.]
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts IV:
      Then Peter full of the holy goost sayd unto them. Ye ruelars of the people, and seniours of israhel [...].
  3. Someone older than someone else (with possessive). [from 15th c.]
    He was four years her senior.
  4. (US) A final-year student at a high school or university. [from 17th c.]

Antonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin senior. Doublet of sire, seigneur, and sieur.

Noun[edit]

senior m (plural seniors)

  1. (sports) senior (older player)
  2. elderly person

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin senior.

Adjective[edit]

senior (comparative plus senior, superlative le plus senior)

  1. older

Noun[edit]

senior (plural seniors)

  1. lord

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Comparative of senex.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

senior (neuter senius); third declension

  1. older, elder; rather old

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, comparative variant

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative senior senius seniōrēs seniōra
genitive seniōris seniōrum
dative seniōrī seniōribus
accusative seniōrem senius seniōrēs seniōra
ablative seniōre seniōribus
vocative senior senius seniōrēs seniōra

Antonyms[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • senior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • senior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “senior”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • senior” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • senior in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin senior (older).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

senior m pers

  1. elder (older person)

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin senior. Doublet of señor.

Noun[edit]

senior m (plural seniores)

  1. senior