senior

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Senior, sénior, and sênior

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin senior (older), comparative form of senex (old); see senate. Doublet of seigneur, seignior, sire, and sir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

senior (comparative more senior, superlative most senior)

  1. Older; superior
    senior citizen
  2. Higher in rank, dignity, or office.
    senior member; senior counsel
  3. (US) Of or pertaining to a student's final academic year at a high school (twelfth grade) or university.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

senior (plural seniors)

  1. (now chiefly US) An old person.
    • 1912, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Lost World[1]:
      Grave and reverend seniors seemed to have caught the prevailing spirit as badly as the students, and I saw white-bearded men rising and shaking their fists at the obdurate Professor.
    Synonyms: senior citizen; see also Thesaurus:old person
  2. Someone older than someone else (with possessive). [from 15th c.]
    He was four years her senior.
  3. Someone seen as deserving respect or reverence because of their age. [from 14th c.]
  4. (obsolete, biblical) An elder or presbyter in the early Church. [14th-16th c.]
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts IV:
      Then Peter full of the holy goost sayd unto them. Ye ruelars of the people, and seniours of israhel [...].
  5. Somebody who is higher in rank, dignity, or office.
  6. (US) A final-year student at a high school or university. [from 17th c.]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin senior. Doublet of sire, seigneur, and sieur.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

senior m (plural seniors)

  1. (sports) senior (older player)
  2. elderly person

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin senior.

Adjective[edit]

senior (comparative plus senior, superlative le plus senior)

  1. older

Noun[edit]

senior (plural seniors)

  1. lord

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Comparative of senex.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

senior (neuter senius, positive senex); third declension

  1. older, elder; rather old
    Antonym: iūnior

Declension[edit]

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative senior senius seniōrēs seniōra
Genitive seniōris seniōrum
Dative seniōrī seniōribus
Accusative seniōrem senius seniōrēs seniōra
Ablative seniōre seniōribus
Vocative senior senius seniōrēs seniōra

Noun[edit]

senior m (genitive seniōris); third declension

  1. (Medieval Latin) a lord, sir
    Coordinate term: seniorissa
  2. (Medieval Latin) an abbot
  3. (Medieval Latin) a husband
  4. old person, old man, older person, older man

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative senior seniōrēs
Genitive seniōris seniōrum
Dative seniōrī seniōribus
Accusative seniōrem seniōrēs
Ablative seniōre seniōribus
Vocative senior seniōrēs

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • senior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • senior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • senior in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • senior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • senior in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Anagrams[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin senior (older).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

senior m pers (feminine seniorka)

  1. elder (older person)

Declension[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French senior.

Adjective[edit]

senior m or n (feminine singular senioră, masculine plural seniori, feminine and neuter plural seniore)

  1. senior

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin senior. Doublet of señor.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /seˈnjoɾ/, [seˈnjoɾ]

Noun[edit]

senior m (plural seniores)

  1. senior (clarification of this definition is needed)